Number of integers with odd number of set bits in C++

Given a number n, we have to find the number of integers with an odd number of set bits in their binary form. Let's see an example.

Input

n = 10

Output

5

There are 5 integers from 1 to 10 with odd number of set bits in their binary form.

Algorithm

• Initialise the number N.

• Write a function to count the number of set bits in binary form.
• Initialise the count to 0.

• Write a loop that iterates from 1 to N.

• Count the set bits of each integer.

• Increment the count if the set bits count is odd.

• Return the count.

Implementation

Following is the implementation of the above algorithm in C++

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int getSetBitsCount(int n) {
int count = 0;
while (n) {
if (n % 2 == 1) {
count += 1;
}
n /= 2;
}
return count;
}
int getOddSetBitsIntegerCount(int n) {
int count = 0;
for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
if (getSetBitsCount(i) % 2 == 1) {
count += 1;
}
}
return count;
}
int main() {
int n = 10;
cout << getOddSetBitsIntegerCount(n) << endl;
return 0;
}

Output

If you run the above code, then you will get the following result.

5

Updated on: 26-Oct-2021

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