multimap key_comp() in C++ STL

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this article we will be discussing the working, syntax, and examples of multimap::key_comp() function in C++ STL.

What is Multimap in C++ STL?

Multimaps are the associative containers, which are similar to map containers. It also facilitates to store the elements formed by a combination of key-value and mapped value in a specific order. In a multimap container there can be multiple elements associated with the same key. The data is internally always sorted with the help of its associated keys.

What is multimap::key_comp()?

The multimap::key_comp( ) is a function which comes under <map> header file. This function returns a copy of a key comparison object. This is by default a less than an object which works the same as a less than operator <. The object checks the order of the element keys in the multimap container. This function takes the two arguments and checks its keys and returns true if the first element is smaller and should go before the second element, else will return false.

Syntax

Key_compare.key_comp();

Parameters

This function accepts no parameter.

Return value

It returns a comparison object.

Input 

multimap<char, int> newmap;
multimap<char, int> :: key_compare cmp = newmap.key_comp();
newmap.insert(make_pair(‘A’, 1));
newmap.insert(make_pair(‘B’, 2));
newmap.insert(make_pair(‘C’, 3));

Output 

A= 1
B= 2
C= 3

Example

 Live Demo

#include <iostream>
#include <map<
using namespace stgd;
int main(){
   multimap<int, char> mul;
   multimap<int, char>::key_compare cmp = mul.key_comp();
   //inserting elements at given key
   mul.insert(make_pair(0, 'A'));
   mul.insert(make_pair(1, 'B'));
   mul.insert(make_pair(2, 'C'));
   mul.insert(make_pair(3, 'D'));
   int a = mul.rbegin()->first;
   multimap<int, char>::iterator it = mul.begin();
   cout<<"Elements at given key is : "<<'\n';
   do {
      cout << it->first << " = " << it->second << '\n';
   }
   while (cmp((*it++).first, a));
      return 0;
}

Output

If we run the above code it will generate the following output −

Elements at given key is :
0 = A
1 = B
2 = C
3 = D
raja
Published on 22-Apr-2020 12:08:09
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