MongoDB query to group by _id

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

To group by _id in MongoDB, use $group. Let us create a collection with documents −

> db.demo529.insertOne({"Score":10});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e8b1d5bef4dcbee04fbbbe4")
}
> db.demo529.insertOne({"Score":20});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e8b1d5fef4dcbee04fbbbe5")
}
> db.demo529.insertOne({"Score":10});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e8b1d61ef4dcbee04fbbbe6")
}
> db.demo529.insertOne({"Score":10});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e8b1d62ef4dcbee04fbbbe7")
}

Display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method −

> db.demo529.find();

This will produce the following output −

{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e8b1d5bef4dcbee04fbbbe4"), "Score" : 10 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e8b1d5fef4dcbee04fbbbe5"), "Score" : 20 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e8b1d61ef4dcbee04fbbbe6"), "Score" : 10 }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e8b1d62ef4dcbee04fbbbe7"), "Score" : 10 }

Following is the query to group by _id −

> db.demo529.aggregate( [
... {
...    $group: {
...       _id: null,
...       count: { $sum: 1 }
...    }
... }
... ] )

This will produce the following output −

{ "_id" : null, "count" : 4 }
raja
Published on 13-May-2020 11:09:23
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