Minimum removals in a number to be divisible by 10 power raised to K in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Problem statement

Given two positive integers N and K. Find the minimum number of digits that can be removed from the number N such that after removals the number is divisible by 10K. Print -1 if it is impossible.

Example

If N = 10203027 and K = 2 then we have to remove 3 digits. If we remove 3, 2 and 7 then number become 10200 which is divisible by 102

Algorithm

1. Start traversing number from end. If the current digit is not zero, increment the counter variable, otherwise decrement variable K
2. If K is zero, then return counter as answer
3. After traversing the whole number, check if the current value of K is zero or not. If it is zero, return counter as answer, otherwise return answer as number of digits in N –1
4. If the given number does not contain any zero, return -1 as answer

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int getBitsToBeRemoved(int n, int k) {
   string s = to_string(n);
   int result = 0;
   int zeroFound = 0;
   for (int i = s.size() - 1; i >= 0; --i) {
      if (k == 0) {
         return result;
      }
      if (s[i] == '0') {
         zeroFound = 1;
         --k;
      } else {
         ++result;
      }
   }
   if (!k) {
      return result;
   } else if (zeroFound) {
      return s.size() - 1;
   }
   return - 1;
}
int main() {
   int n = 10203027;
   int k = 2;
   cout << "Minimum required removals = " <<
   getBitsToBeRemoved(n, k) << endl;
   return 0;
}

When you compile and execute above program. It generates following output

Output

Minimum required removals = 3
raja
Published on 23-Dec-2019 06:34:28
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