Minimum number of moves to escape maze matrix in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a binary matrix, where 0 is representing an empty cell, and 1 is a wall. If we start from top left corner (0, 0), we have to find the minimum number of cells it would take to get to bottom right corner (R-1, C-1) Here R is number of rows and C is number of columns. If we cannot find any answer, return -1.

So, if the input is like

00010
00110
00011
11000

then the output will be 8 because, we can select path like −

00010
00110
00011
11000

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • R := number of rows
  • C := number of columns
  • q := an empty list, initially insert (0, 0, 1) if matrix[0, 0] is 0
  • matrix[0, 0] := 1
  • for each triplet (r, c, d) in q, do
    • if (r, c) is same as (R - 1, C - 1), then
      • return d
    • for each x, y in [(r + 1, c) ,(r - 1, c) ,(r, c + 1) ,(r, c - 1) ], do
      • if 0 <= x < R and 0 <= y < C and matrix[x, y] is same as 0, then
        • matrix[x, y] := 1
        • insert triplet (x, y, d + 1) at the end of q
  • return -1

Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

def solve(matrix):
   R, C = len(matrix), len(matrix[0])
   q = [(0, 0, 1)] if not matrix[0][0] else []
   matrix[0][0] = 1
   for r, c, d in q:
      if (r, c) == (R - 1, C - 1):
         return d
      for x, y in [(r + 1, c), (r - 1, c), (r, c + 1), (r, c - 1)]:
         if 0 <= x < R and 0 <= y < C and matrix[x][y] == 0:
            matrix[x][y] = 1
            q.append((x, y, d + 1))
   return -1

matrix = [
   [0, 0, 0, 1, 0],
   [0, 0, 1, 1, 0],
   [0, 0, 0, 1, 1],
   [1, 1, 0, 0, 0]
]
print(solve(matrix))

Input

[
[0, 0, 0, 1, 0],
[0, 0, 1, 1, 0],
[0, 0, 0, 1, 1],
[1, 1, 0, 0, 0]
]

Output

8
raja
Updated on 18-Oct-2021 12:57:28

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