Maximum Number of Vowels in a Substring of Given Length in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a string s and an integer k. We have to find the maximum number of vowel letters in any substring of s with length k.

So, if the input is like s = "abciiidef", k = 3, then the output will be 3

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • cnt := 0

  • Define one set m

  • for each vowel v, do

    • insert v into m

  • ret := 0

  • for initialize i := 0, when i < k, update (increase i by 1), do −

    • cnt := cnt + (1 when s[i] is in m, otherwise 0)

  • ret := maximum of ret and cnt

  • n := size of s

  • for initialize i := k, when i < n, update (increase i by 1), do −

    • if s[i - k] is member of m, then −

      • (decrease cnt by 1)

    • cnt := cnt + (1 when s[i] is in m, otherwise 0)

    • ret := maximum of ret and cnt

  • return ret

Example 

Let us see the following implementation to get a better understanding −

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
class Solution {
public:
   int maxVowels(string s, int k) {
      int cnt = 0;
      set<char> m;
      for (auto it : { 'a', 'e', 'i', 'o', 'u' })
      m.insert(it);
      int ret = 0;
      for (int i = 0; i < k; i++) {
         cnt += m.count(s[i]) ? 1 : 0;
      }
      ret = max(ret, cnt);
      int n = s.size();
      for (int i = k; i < n; i++) {
         if (m.count(s[i - k])) {
            cnt--;
         }
         cnt += m.count(s[i]) ? 1 : 0;
         ret = max(ret, cnt);
      }
      return ret;
   }
};
main(){
   Solution ob;
   cout << (ob.maxVowels("abciiidef",3));
}

Input

"abciiidef",3

Output

3
raja
Updated on 17-Nov-2020 12:35:02

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