Longest Valid Parentheses in Python

PythonServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have a string, with opening and closing parentheses. We have to find the longest length of the valid (well-formed) parentheses. So if the input is like “))(())())”, then the result will be 6, as the valid string is “(())()”.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • Make a stack, and insert -1., set ans := 0

  • for i in range 0 to length of stack – 1

    • if s[i] is opening parentheses, then insert i into stack

    • otherwise

      • if stack is not empty and top of stack is not -1 and s[stack top] is opening parentheses, then

        • top element from stack

        • ans := max of ans and i – stack top

      • otherwise insert i into stack

  • return ans

Example

Let us see the following implementation to get a better understanding −

 Live Demo

class Solution(object):
   def longestValidParentheses(self, s):
      stack = [-1]
      ans = 0
      for i in range(len(s)):
         if s[i] == "(":
            stack.append(i)
         else:
            if stack and stack[-1]!=-1 and s[stack[-1]] == "(":
               stack.pop()
               ans = max(ans,i - stack[-1])
            else:
            stack.append(i)
      return ans
ob = Solution()
print(ob.longestValidParentheses("))(())())"))

Input

"))(())())"

Output

6
raja
Published on 26-May-2020 11:39:33
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