Kubernetes - App Deployment


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Deployment is a method of converting images to containers and then allocating those images to pods in the Kubernetes cluster. This also helps in setting up the application cluster which includes deployment of service, pod, replication controller and replica set. The cluster can be set up in such a way that the applications deployed on the pod can communicate with each other.

In this setup, we can have a load balancer setting on top of one application diverting traffic to a set of pods and later they communicate to backend pods. The communication between pods happen via the service object built in Kubernetes.

Application Cluster View

Ngnix Load Balancer Yaml File

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
   name: oppv-dev-nginx
      labels:
         k8s-app: omni-ppv-api
spec:
   type: NodePort
   ports:
   - port: 8080
      nodePort: 31999
      name: omninginx
   selector:
      k8s-app: appname
      component: nginx
      env: dev

Ngnix Replication Controller Yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: ReplicationController
metadata:
   name: appname
spec:
   replicas: replica_count
   template:
      metadata:
         name: appname
         labels:
            k8s-app: appname
            component: nginx
               env: env_name
spec:
   nodeSelector:
      resource-group: oppv
   containers:
      - name: appname
      image: IMAGE_TEMPLATE
      imagePullPolicy: Always
      ports:
         - containerPort: 8080
         resources:
            requests:
               memory: "request_mem"
               cpu: "request_cpu"
            limits:
               memory: "limit_mem"
               cpu: "limit_cpu"
            env:
            - name: BACKEND_HOST
               value: oppv-env_name-node:3000

Frontend Service Yaml File

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
   name: appname
   labels:
      k8s-app: appname
spec:
   type: NodePort
   ports:
   - name: http
      port: 3000
      protocol: TCP
      targetPort: 3000
   selector:
      k8s-app: appname
      component: nodejs
      env: dev

Frontend Replication Controller Yaml File

apiVersion: v1
kind: ReplicationController
metadata:
   name: Frontend
spec:
   replicas: 3
   template:
      metadata:
         name: frontend
         labels:
            k8s-app: Frontend
            component: nodejs
            env: Dev
spec:
   nodeSelector:
      resource-group: oppv
   containers:
      - name: appname
         image: IMAGE_TEMPLATE
         imagePullPolicy: Always
         ports:
            - containerPort: 3000
            resources:
               requests:
                  memory: "request_mem"
                  cpu: "limit_cpu"
                  limits:
                  memory: "limit_mem"
                  cpu: "limit_cpu"
            env:
               - name: ENV
               valueFrom:
               configMapKeyRef:
               name: appname
               key: config-env

Backend Service Yaml File

apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
metadata:
   name: backend
   labels:
      k8s-app: backend
spec:
   type: NodePort
   ports:
   - name: http
      port: 9010
      protocol: TCP
      targetPort: 9000
   selector:
      k8s-app: appname
      component: play
      env: dev

Backed Replication Controller Yaml File

apiVersion: v1
kind: ReplicationController
metadata:
   name: backend
spec:
   replicas: 3
   template:
      metadata:
         name: backend
      labels:
         k8s-app: beckend
         component: play
         env: dev
spec:
   nodeSelector:
      resource-group: oppv
      containers:
         - name: appname
            image: IMAGE_TEMPLATE
            imagePullPolicy: Always
            ports:
            - containerPort: 9000
            command: [ "./docker-entrypoint.sh" ]
            resources:
               requests:
                  memory: "request_mem"
                  cpu: "request_cpu"
               limits:
                  memory: "limit_mem"
                  cpu: "limit_cpu"
            volumeMounts:
               - name: config-volume
               mountPath: /app/vipin/play/conf
         volumes:
            - name: config-volume
            configMap:
            name: appname


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