Java RMI - Database Application


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In the previous chapter, we created a sample RMI application where a client invokes a method which displays a GUI window (JavaFX).

In this chapter, we will take an example to see how a client program can retrieve the records of a table in MySQL database residing on the server.

Assume we have a table named student_data in the database details as shown below.

+----+--------+--------+------------+---------------------+ 
| ID | NAME   | BRANCH | PERCENTAGE | EMAIL               | 
+----+--------+--------+------------+---------------------+ 
|  1 | Ram    | IT     |         85 | ram123@gmail.com    | 
|  2 | Rahim  | EEE    |         95 | rahim123@gmail.com  | 
|  3 | Robert | ECE    |         90 | robert123@gmail.com | 
+----+--------+--------+------------+---------------------+ 

Assume the name of the user is myuser and its password is password.

Creating a Student Class

Create a Student class with setter and getter methods as shown below.

public class Student implements java.io.Serializable {   
   private int id, percent;   
   private String name, branch, email;    
  
   public int getId() { 
      return id; 
   } 
   public String getName() { 
      return name; 
   } 
   public String getBranch() { 
      return branch; 
   } 
   public int getPercent() { 
      return percent; 
   } 
   public String getEmail() { 
      return email; 
   } 
   public void setID(int id) { 
      this.id = id; 
   } 
   public void setName(String name) { 
      this.name = name; 
   } 
   public void setBranch(String branch) { 
      this.branch = branch; 
   } 
   public void setPercent(int percent) { 
      this.percent = percent; 
   } 
   public void setEmail(String email) { 
      this.email = email; 
   } 
}

Defining the Remote Interface

Define the remote interface. Here, we are defining a remote interface named Hello with a method named getStudents () in it. This method returns a list which contains the object of the class Student.

import java.rmi.Remote; 
import java.rmi.RemoteException; 
import java.util.*;

// Creating Remote interface for our application 
public interface Hello extends Remote {  
   public List<Student> getStudents() throws Exception;  
}

Developing the Implementation Class

Create a class and implement the above created interface.

Here we are implementing the getStudents() method of the Remote interface. When you invoke this method, it retrieves the records of a table named student_data. Sets these values to the Student class using its setter methods, adds it to a list object and returns that list.

import java.sql.*; 
import java.util.*;  

// Implementing the remote interface 
public class ImplExample implements Hello {  
   
   // Implementing the interface method 
   public List<Student> getStudents() throws Exception {  
      List<Student> list = new ArrayList<Student>();   
    
      // JDBC driver name and database URL 
      String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver";   
      String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/details";  
      
      // Database credentials 
      String USER = "myuser"; 
      String PASS = "password";  
      
      Connection conn = null; 
      Statement stmt = null;  
      
      //Register JDBC driver 
      Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver");   
      
      //Open a connection
      System.out.println("Connecting to a selected database..."); 
      conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS); 
      System.out.println("Connected database successfully...");  
      
      //Execute a query 
      System.out.println("Creating statement..."); 
      
      stmt = conn.createStatement();  
      String sql = "SELECT * FROM student_data"; 
      ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(sql);  
      
      //Extract data from result set 
      while(rs.next()) { 
         // Retrieve by column name 
         int id  = rs.getInt("id"); 
         
         String name = rs.getString("name"); 
         String branch = rs.getString("branch"); 
         
         int percent = rs.getInt("percentage"); 
         String email = rs.getString("email");  
         
         // Setting the values 
         Student student = new Student(); 
         student.setID(id); 
         student.setName(name); 
         student.setBranch(branch); 
         student.setPercent(percent); 
         student.setEmail(email); 
         list.add(student); 
      } 
      rs.close(); 
      return list;     
   }  
}

Server Program

An RMI server program should implement the remote interface or extend the implementation class. Here, we should create a remote object and bind it to the RMI registry.

Following is the server program of this application. Here, we will extend the above created class, create a remote object and register it to the RMI registry with the bind name hello.

import java.rmi.registry.Registry; 
import java.rmi.registry.LocateRegistry; 
import java.rmi.RemoteException; 
import java.rmi.server.UnicastRemoteObject; 

public class Server extends ImplExample { 
   public Server() {} 
   public static void main(String args[]) { 
      try { 
         // Instantiating the implementation class 
         ImplExample obj = new ImplExample(); 
    
         // Exporting the object of implementation class (
            here we are exporting the remote object to the stub) 
         Hello stub = (Hello) UnicastRemoteObject.exportObject(obj, 0);  
         
         // Binding the remote object (stub) in the registry 
         Registry registry = LocateRegistry.getRegistry(); 
         
         registry.bind("Hello", stub);  
         System.err.println("Server ready"); 
      } catch (Exception e) { 
         System.err.println("Server exception: " + e.toString()); 
         e.printStackTrace(); 
      } 
   } 
}

Client Program

Following is the client program of this application. Here, we are fetching the remote object and invoking the method named getStudents(). It retrieves the records of the table from the list object and displays them.

import java.rmi.registry.LocateRegistry; 
import java.rmi.registry.Registry; 
import java.util.*;  

public class Client {  
   private Client() {}  
   public static void main(String[] args)throws Exception {  
      try { 
         // Getting the registry 
         Registry registry = LocateRegistry.getRegistry(null); 
    
         // Looking up the registry for the remote object 
         Hello stub = (Hello) registry.lookup("Hello"); 
    
         // Calling the remote method using the obtained object 
         List<Student> list = (List)stub.getStudents(); 
         for (Student s:list)v { 
            
            // System.out.println("bc "+s.getBranch()); 
            System.out.println("ID: " + s.getId()); 
            System.out.println("name: " + s.getName()); 
            System.out.println("branch: " + s.getBranch()); 
            System.out.println("percent: " + s.getPercent()); 
            System.out.println("email: " + s.getEmail()); 
         }  
      // System.out.println(list); 
      } catch (Exception e) { 
         System.err.println("Client exception: " + e.toString()); 
         e.printStackTrace(); 
      } 
   } 
}

Steps to Run the Example

Following are the steps to run our RMI Example.

Step 1 − Open the folder where you have stored all the programs and compile all the Java files as shown below.

Javac *.java   

Stored Programs

Step 2 − Start the rmi registry using the following command.

start rmiregistry

Start Execution

This will start an rmi registry on a separate window as shown below.

Separate Window

Step 3 − Run the server class file as shown below.

Java Server

Run Server

Step 4 − Run the client class file as shown below.

java Client

Client File

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