Java & MySQL - Navigating a ResultSet


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There are several methods in the ResultSet interface that involve moving the cursor, including −

S.N. Methods & Description
1 public void beforeFirst() throws SQLException

Moves the cursor just before the first row.

2 public void afterLast() throws SQLException

Moves the cursor just after the last row.

3 public boolean first() throws SQLException

Moves the cursor to the first row.

4 public void last() throws SQLException

Moves the cursor to the last row.

5 public boolean absolute(int row) throws SQLException

Moves the cursor to the specified row.

6 public boolean relative(int row) throws SQLException

Moves the cursor the given number of rows forward or backward, from where it is currently pointing.

7 public boolean previous() throws SQLException

Moves the cursor to the previous row. This method returns false if the previous row is off the result set.

8 public boolean next() throws SQLException

Moves the cursor to the next row. This method returns false if there are no more rows in the result set.

9 public int getRow() throws SQLException

Returns the row number that the cursor is pointing to.

10 public void moveToInsertRow() throws SQLException

Moves the cursor to a special row in the result set that can be used to insert a new row into the database. The current cursor location is remembered.

11 public void moveToCurrentRow() throws SQLException

Moves the cursor back to the current row if the cursor is currently at the insert row; otherwise, this method does nothing

Following is the example which makes use of few navigation methods described.

This sample code has been written based on the environment and database setup done in the previous chapters.

Copy and paste the following example in TestApplication.java, compile and run as follows −

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;

public class TestApplication {
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/TUTORIALSPOINT";
   static final String USER = "guest";
   static final String PASS = "guest123";
   static final String QUERY = "SELECT id, first, last, age FROM Employees";

   public static void main(String[] args) {
      // Open a connection
      try(Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);
         Statement stmt = conn.createStatement(
         ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE,
         ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
         ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery(QUERY);
      ) {		
         // Move cursor to the last row.
         System.out.println("Moving cursor to the last...");
         rs.last();

         // Extract data from result set
         System.out.println("Displaying record...");
         //Retrieve by column name
         int id  = rs.getInt("id");
         int age = rs.getInt("age");
         String first = rs.getString("first");
         String last = rs.getString("last");

         // Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + id);
         System.out.print(", Age: " + age);
         System.out.print(", First: " + first);
         System.out.println(", Last: " + last);

         // Move cursor to the first row.
         System.out.println("Moving cursor to the first row...");
         rs.first();

         // Extract data from result set
         System.out.println("Displaying record...");
         // Retrieve by column name
         id  = rs.getInt("id");
         age = rs.getInt("age");
         first = rs.getString("first");
         last = rs.getString("last");

         // Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + id);
         System.out.print(", Age: " + age);
         System.out.print(", First: " + first);
         System.out.println(", Last: " + last);
         // Move cursor to the first row.

         System.out.println("Moving cursor to the next row...");
         rs.next();

         // Extract data from result set
         System.out.println("Displaying record...");
         id  = rs.getInt("id");
         age = rs.getInt("age");
         first = rs.getString("first");
         last = rs.getString("last");

         // Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + id);
         System.out.print(", Age: " + age);
         System.out.print(", First: " + first);
         System.out.println(", Last: " + last);		

      } catch (SQLException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      } 
   }
}

Now let us compile the above example as follows −

C:\>javac TestApplication.java
C:\>

When you run TestApplication, it produces the following result −

C:\>java TestApplication
Moving cursor to the last...
Displaying record...
ID: 103, Age: 30, First: Sumit, Last: Mittal
Moving cursor to the first row...
Displaying record...
ID: 100, Age: 18, First: Zara, Last: Ali
Moving cursor to the next row...
Displaying record...
ID: 101, Age: 25, First: Mehnaz, Last: Fatma
C:\>
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