Java & MySQL - Batching with Statement Object


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Here is a typical sequence of steps to use Batch Processing with Statement Object −

  • Create a Statement object using either createStatement() methods.

  • Set auto-commit to false using setAutoCommit().

  • Add as many as SQL statements you like into batch using addBatch() method on created statement object.

  • Execute all the SQL statements using executeBatch() method on created statement object.

  • Finally, commit all the changes using commit() method.

This sample code has been written based on the environment and database setup done in the previous chapters.

Copy and paste the following example in TestApplication.java, compile and run as follows −

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;

public class TestApplication {
   static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/TUTORIALSPOINT";
   static final String USER = "guest";
   static final String PASS = "guest123";

   public static void printResultSet(ResultSet rs) throws SQLException{
      // Ensure we start with first row
      rs.beforeFirst();
      while(rs.next()){
         // Display values
         System.out.print("ID: " + rs.getInt("id"));
         System.out.print(", Age: " + rs.getInt("age"));
         System.out.print(", First: " + rs.getString("first"));
         System.out.println(", Last: " + rs.getString("last"));
      }
      System.out.println();
   }

   public static void main(String[] args) {
      // Open a connection
      try(Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL, USER, PASS);
         Statement stmt = conn.createStatement(
            ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE,
            ResultSet.CONCUR_UPDATABLE)
            ) {		      
         conn.setAutoCommit(false);	    	  

         ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery("Select * from Employees");
         printResultSet(rs);

         // Create SQL statement
         String SQL = "INSERT INTO Employees (first, last, age) " + 
            "VALUES('Zia', 'Ali', 30)";
         // Add above SQL statement in the batch.
         stmt.addBatch(SQL);

         // Create one more SQL statement
         SQL = "INSERT INTO Employees (first, last, age) " +
            "VALUES('Raj', 'Kumar', 35)";
         // Add above SQL statement in the batch.
         stmt.addBatch(SQL);

         // Create one more SQL statement
         SQL = "UPDATE Employees SET age = 35 " +
         "WHERE id = 7";
         // Add above SQL statement in the batch.
         stmt.addBatch(SQL);

         // Create an int[] to hold returned values
         int[] count = stmt.executeBatch();

         //Explicitly commit statements to apply changes
         conn.commit();

         rs = stmt.executeQuery("Select * from Employees");
         printResultSet(rs);	  

         stmt.close();
         rs.close();

      } catch (SQLException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      } 
   }
}

Now let us compile the above example as follows −

C:\>javac TestApplication.java
C:\>

When you run TestApplication, it produces the following result −

C:\>java TestApplication
ID: 1, Age: 23, First: Zara, Last: Ali
ID: 2, Age: 30, First: Mahnaz, Last: Fatma
ID: 3, Age: 35, First: Zaid, Last: Khan
ID: 4, Age: 33, First: Sumit, Last: Mittal
ID: 5, Age: 40, First: John, Last: Paul
ID: 7, Age: 20, First: Sita, Last: Singh
ID: 8, Age: 20, First: Rita, Last: Tez
ID: 9, Age: 20, First: Sita, Last: Singh

ID: 1, Age: 23, First: Zara, Last: Ali
ID: 2, Age: 30, First: Mahnaz, Last: Fatma
ID: 3, Age: 35, First: Zaid, Last: Khan
ID: 4, Age: 33, First: Sumit, Last: Mittal
ID: 5, Age: 40, First: John, Last: Paul
ID: 7, Age: 35, First: Sita, Last: Singh
ID: 8, Age: 20, First: Rita, Last: Tez
ID: 9, Age: 20, First: Sita, Last: Singh
ID: 10, Age: 30, First: Zia, Last: Ali
ID: 11, Age: 35, First: Raj, Last: Kumar
C:\>
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