Java 8 - Functional Interfaces


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Functional interfaces have a single functionality to exhibit. For example, a Comparable interface with a single method ‘compareTo’ is used for comparison purpose. Java 8 has defined a lot of functional interfaces to be used extensively in lambda expressions. Following is the list of functional interfaces defined in java.util.Function package.

Sr.No. Interface & Description
1

BiConsumer<T,U>

Represents an operation that accepts two input arguments, and returns no result.

2

BiFunction<T,U,R>

Represents a function that accepts two arguments and produces a result.

3

BinaryOperator<T>

Represents an operation upon two operands of the same type, producing a result of the same type as the operands.

4

BiPredicate<T,U>

Represents a predicate (Boolean-valued function) of two arguments.

5

BooleanSupplier

Represents a supplier of Boolean-valued results.

6

Consumer<T>

Represents an operation that accepts a single input argument and returns no result.

7

DoubleBinaryOperator

Represents an operation upon two double-valued operands and producing a double-valued result.

8

DoubleConsumer

Represents an operation that accepts a single double-valued argument and returns no result.

9

DoubleFunction<R>

Represents a function that accepts a double-valued argument and produces a result.

10

DoublePredicate

Represents a predicate (Boolean-valued function) of one double-valued argument.

11

DoubleSupplier

Represents a supplier of double-valued results.

12

DoubleToIntFunction

Represents a function that accepts a double-valued argument and produces an int-valued result.

13

DoubleToLongFunction

Represents a function that accepts a double-valued argument and produces a long-valued result.

14

DoubleUnaryOperator

Represents an operation on a single double-valued operand that produces a double-valued result.

15

Function<T,R>

Represents a function that accepts one argument and produces a result.

16

IntBinaryOperator

Represents an operation upon two int-valued operands and produces an int-valued result.

17

IntConsumer

Represents an operation that accepts a single int-valued argument and returns no result.

18

IntFunction<R>

Represents a function that accepts an int-valued argument and produces a result.

19

IntPredicate

Represents a predicate (Boolean-valued function) of one int-valued argument.

20

IntSupplier

Represents a supplier of int-valued results.

21

IntToDoubleFunction

Represents a function that accepts an int-valued argument and produces a double-valued result.

22

IntToLongFunction

Represents a function that accepts an int-valued argument and produces a long-valued result.

23

IntUnaryOperator

Represents an operation on a single int-valued operand that produces an int-valued result.

24

LongBinaryOperator

Represents an operation upon two long-valued operands and produces a long-valued result.

25

LongConsumer

Represents an operation that accepts a single long-valued argument and returns no result.

26

LongFunction<R>

Represents a function that accepts a long-valued argument and produces a result.

27

LongPredicate

Represents a predicate (Boolean-valued function) of one long-valued argument.

28

LongSupplier

Represents a supplier of long-valued results.

29

LongToDoubleFunction

Represents a function that accepts a long-valued argument and produces a double-valued result.

30

LongToIntFunction

Represents a function that accepts a long-valued argument and produces an int-valued result.

31

LongUnaryOperator

Represents an operation on a single long-valued operand that produces a long-valued result.

32

ObjDoubleConsumer<T>

Represents an operation that accepts an object-valued and a double-valued argument, and returns no result.

33

ObjIntConsumer<T>

Represents an operation that accepts an object-valued and an int-valued argument, and returns no result.

34

ObjLongConsumer<T>

Represents an operation that accepts an object-valued and a long-valued argument, and returns no result.

35

Predicate<T>

Represents a predicate (Boolean-valued function) of one argument.

36

Supplier<T>

Represents a supplier of results.

37

ToDoubleBiFunction<T,U>

Represents a function that accepts two arguments and produces a double-valued result.

38

ToDoubleFunction<T>

Represents a function that produces a double-valued result.

39

ToIntBiFunction<T,U>

Represents a function that accepts two arguments and produces an int-valued result.

40

ToIntFunction<T>

Represents a function that produces an int-valued result.

41

ToLongBiFunction<T,U>

Represents a function that accepts two arguments and produces a long-valued result.

42

ToLongFunction<T>

Represents a function that produces a long-valued result.

43

UnaryOperator<T>

Represents an operation on a single operand that produces a result of the same type as its operand.

Functional Interface Example

Predicate <T> interface is a functional interface with a method test(Object) to return a Boolean value. This interface signifies that an object is tested to be true or false.

Create the following Java program using any editor of your choice in, say, C:\> JAVA.

Java8Tester.java

Live Demo
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.function.Predicate;

public class Java8Tester {

   public static void main(String args[]) {
      List<Integer> list = Arrays.asList(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9);
		
      // Predicate<Integer> predicate = n -> true
      // n is passed as parameter to test method of Predicate interface
      // test method will always return true no matter what value n has.
		
      System.out.println("Print all numbers:");
		
      //pass n as parameter
      eval(list, n->true);
		
      // Predicate<Integer> predicate1 = n -> n%2 == 0
      // n is passed as parameter to test method of Predicate interface
      // test method will return true if n%2 comes to be zero
		
      System.out.println("Print even numbers:");
      eval(list, n-> n%2 == 0 );
		
      // Predicate<Integer> predicate2 = n -> n > 3
      // n is passed as parameter to test method of Predicate interface
      // test method will return true if n is greater than 3.
		
      System.out.println("Print numbers greater than 3:");
      eval(list, n-> n > 3 );
   }
	
   public static void eval(List<Integer> list, Predicate<Integer> predicate) {

      for(Integer n: list) {

         if(predicate.test(n)) {
            System.out.println(n + " ");
         }
      }
   }
}

Here we've passed Predicate interface, which takes a single input and returns Boolean.

Verify the Result

Compile the class using javac compiler as follows −

C:\JAVA>javac Java8Tester.java

Now run the Java8Tester as follows −

C:\JAVA>java Java8Tester

It should produce the following output −

Print all numbers:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Print even numbers:
2
4
6
8
Print numbers greater than 3:
4
5
6
7
8
9


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