Is a number sum of two perfect squares in JavaScript

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentFront End Technology

Perfect Square Numbers:

A natural number in mathematics is called a perfect square if it can be obtained by multiplying any other natural number into that very number.

For instance, 9, 16, 81, 289 are all perfect squares.

We are required to write a JavaScript function that takes in a natural number, say num, as the only argument. The function should determine whether there exists two such number m and n such that −

(m * m) + (n * n) = num

If there exists such numbers, our function should return true, false otherwise.

For example −

If the input number is −

const num = 389;

Then the output should be −

const output = true;

because 389 = (17 * 17) + (10 * 10)

Example

The code for this will be −

 Live Demo

const num = 389;
const canSumSquares = (num = 2) => {
   let left = 0, right = Math.floor(Math.sqrt(num));
   while(left <= right){
      if (left * left + right * right === num) {
         return true;
      } else if (left * left + right * right < num) {
         left++;
         } else {
            right--;
      };
   };
   return false;
};
console.log(canSumSquares(num));

Output

And the output in the console will be −

true
raja
Published on 03-Mar-2021 05:28:12
Advertisements