Institution of Actuaries

In the United Kingdom, the actuarial profession is governed by the Actuaries Act of 2006. It creates the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries as the governing body for the actuarial profession in the UK and specifies the educational requirements and professional behaviour expectations for actuaries. The Act further guarantees the protection of the general public by mandating that only licenced actuaries may offer actuarial services to the general public.

Meaning of Actuary

According to the Actuaries Act of 2006, Section 2 Clause 1(a),

"Actuary" means a person skilled in determining the present effects of future contingent events or in finance modelling and risk analysis in different areas of insurance, or calculating the value of life interests and insurance risks, or designing and pricing of policies, working out the benefits, recommending rates relating to insurance business, annuities, insurance and pension rates on the basis of empirically based tables and includes a statistician engaged in such technology, taxation, employees' benefits and such other risk management and investments and who is a fellow member of the Institute; and the expression "actuarial science" shall be construed accordingly.

An actuary is a specialist who assesses and controls financial risk using statistical and mathematical methods. To evaluate the financial effect of unforeseen occurrences like natural catastrophes, accidents, or mortality, actuaries are typically engaged by insurance companies, governmental organisations, and consultancy businesses. To create and price insurance plans, pensions, and other financial products, they draw on their expertise in probability theory, statistics, and financial mathematics. Actuaries also assist organisations in adhering to legal standards and making sure they have enough money to satisfy their financial commitments.

History of Institution of Actuary

A professional organisation for actuaries with headquarters in the UK is the Institute of Actuaries, presently renamed as the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries. One of the oldest actuarial organisations in the world, it was established in 1848.

When the need for insurance goods was expanding quickly in the early 19th century, the concept of an actuarial profession first came into being in the UK. The Actuarial Society of Edinburgh was the first company of its type when it was established in 1844 by a group of top insurance experts. The group sought to further the study of actuarial science and provide guidelines for actuaries' ethical behaviour.

A comparable organisation of experts in London established the Institute of Actuaries four years later, in 1848. The institution was created to support actuaries' academic and professional growth as well as the development of actuarial science. In order to become the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries, the Institute of Actuaries and the Faculty of Actuaries amalgamated in 2010.

Since its founding, the institution has taken the lead in the advancement of actuarial science both domestically and abroad. It has also played a crucial role in the regulation of the insurance business and has been involved in creating standards for actuarial practice. The Institute and Faculty of Actuaries continues to be a significant voice in the actuarial profession and has more than 30,000 members today.

Role of the Institution of Actuaries

The Institute and Faculty of Actuaries, formerly known as the Institution of Actuaries, is crucial to the development of the actuarial profession. Some of the institution's most important jobs and duties are listed below −

  • Education and Training − The organisation is in charge of establishing requirements for actuaries' education and training. It offers a variety of educational tools, such as tests, reading materials, and programmes for professional growth.

  • Professional Development − The organisation offers a variety of tools and chances for professional growth, such as conferences, seminars, and networking gatherings. It also provides assistance and direction to members who want to develop their professions.

  • Research and development − The organisation offers a variety of tools and chances for professional growth, such as networking functions, seminars, and conferences. Additionally, it gives individuals who want to progress their professions assistance and direction.

  • Regulation and standards − The organisation is concerned in establishing and upholding the actuaries' professional standards. It offers direction on moral behaviour, professional behaviour, and legal conformity.

  • Public engagement − The organisation works to increase public awareness of actuarial science and its function in risk management. To advance the importance of the actuarial profession, it interacts with media, industry stakeholders, and legislators.

In general, the Institute and Faculty of Actuaries is a significant organisation in the actuarial profession, offering support to its members and advancing the profession via education, research, training, and lobbying.

Objective of Actuaries Acts

The Institute and Faculty of Actuaries has several objectives, which include −

  • Promoting actuarial science − The institution's principal goal is to advance actuarial science and its uses in a variety of industries, including risk management, finance, and insurance.

  • Setting professional standards − The organisation attempts to establish and uphold strict guidelines for actuaries' behaviour in terms of professionalism and ethics. It encourages conformity to legal obligations and offers advice on best practices.

  • Supporting members − The organisation offers a variety of tools and services to aid its members in advancing their careers and professional growth. This covers networking possibilities, professional development chances, and education and training.

  • Advancing research − The organisation is dedicated to developing actuarial science research. It provides funding for research endeavours, disseminates research findings, and aids in the development of fresh approaches and methods.

  • Engaging with stakeholders − To raise awareness of the significance of the actuarial profession and its function in controlling financial risk, the institution aims to interact with policymakers, industry players, and the general public.

The Institute and Faculty of Actuaries' overall mission is to encourage the growth and progress of the actuarial profession while ensuring that all of its members uphold the highest ethical and professional standards.


The Actuaries Act of 2006 is the legislation of Indian Parliament, which regulates the profession of actuaries in India. This act provides and sets up a professional body of actuaries to regulate the education, training, and professional conduct of actuaries in India. It also sets out the qualifications and requirements for becoming a member of the institute, including education, training, and practical experience.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What does the Actuaries Act seek to accomplish?

Ans. The act's goal is to assist the actuaries who work for insurance companies. The act's goal is to advance actuaries. The statute allows for the establishment of an institution of actuaries.

Q2. What is the length of the Authority members' terms of office?

Ans. A member is appointed for a three-year term beginning on the day they take office and lasting until they become 67 years old, whichever comes first.

Q3. Which businesses are permitted to do actuarial science?

Ans. The answer is that only businesses with Indian corporate status are permitted to engage in actuarial practice. Any corporation that violates the law is subject to a fine that can reach 10,000 rupees on first conviction and 25,000 rupees on successive convictions.

Updated on: 09-May-2023


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