IF ELSE statement in a MySQL Statement?

MySQLMySQLi Database

In an If-Else statement, the condition is evaluated to be true or false depending on the value.

Let us see an example. Firstly, we will create a table. The CREATE command is used to create a table.

mysql> create table IfelseDemo
   - > (
   - > id int,
   - > FirstName varchar(100)
   - > );
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.46 sec)

Records are inserted with the help of INSERT command.

mysql> insert into IfelseDemo values(1,'John');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.13 sec)

mysql>  insert into IfelseDemo values(2,'Carol');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.31 sec)

mysql>  insert into IfelseDemo values(3,'John');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.11 sec)

mysql>  insert into IfelseDemo values(4,'Carol');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.14 sec)

mysql>  insert into IfelseDemo values(5,'John');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.11 sec)

Displaying all records.

mysql> select *from IfelseDemo;

Here is our output.

+------+-----------+
| id   | FirstName |
+------+-----------+
|    1 | John      |
|    2 | Carol     |
|    3 | John      |
|    4 | Carol     |
|    5 | John      |
+------+-----------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

The following is the query for using the if-else statement.

mysql> SELECT id, FirstName, (case when (id = 2 and FirstName = 'Carol')
   - > then
   - > 'Welcome Carol'
   - > else
   - > 'You are not Carol with id 2'
   - >end)as Message from IfelseDemo;

The following is the output.

+------+-----------+-----------------------------+
| id   | FirstName | Message                     |
+------+-----------+-----------------------------+
|    1 | John      | You are not Carol with id 2 |
|    2 | Carol     | Welcome Carol               |
|    3 | John      | You are not Carol with id 2 |
|    4 | Carol     | You are not Carol with id 2 |
|    5 | john      | You are not Carol with id 2 |
+------+-----------+-----------------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)
raja
Published on 20-Nov-2018 08:09:12
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