I want to create a new field in an already created document. How can this be done using MongoDB query?


Use $addToSet to create a new field in MongoDB. Let us first create a collection with documents −

> db.createFieldDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"John","StudentAge":21});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5cd99e28b50a6c6dd317ad95")
}
> db.createFieldDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"Larry","StudentAge":23});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5cd99e2fb50a6c6dd317ad96")
}
> db.createFieldDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"Chris","StudentAge":22});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5cd99e38b50a6c6dd317ad97")
}
> db.createFieldDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"David","StudentAge":25});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5cd99e43b50a6c6dd317ad98")
}

Following is the query to display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method −

> db.createFieldDemo.find().pretty();

This will produce the following output −

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd99e28b50a6c6dd317ad95"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "John",
   "StudentAge" : 21
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd99e2fb50a6c6dd317ad96"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "Larry",
   "StudentAge" : 23
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd99e38b50a6c6dd317ad97"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "Chris",
   "StudentAge" : 22
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd99e43b50a6c6dd317ad98"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "David",
   "StudentAge" : 25
}

Following is the query to create a new field. Here, we are creating a field “StudentLastName” −

> db.createFieldDemo.update({_id: ObjectId("5cd99e43b50a6c6dd317ad98")}, {$addToSet: {"StudentLastName": "Miller"}});
WriteResult({ "nMatched" : 1, "nUpserted" : 0, "nModified" : 1 })

Let us check all documents from the above collection −

> db.createFieldDemo.find().pretty();

This will produce the following output −

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd99e28b50a6c6dd317ad95"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "John",
   "StudentAge" : 21
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd99e2fb50a6c6dd317ad96"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "Larry",
   "StudentAge" : 23
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd99e38b50a6c6dd317ad97"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "Chris",
   "StudentAge" : 22
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd99e43b50a6c6dd317ad98"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "David",
   "StudentAge" : 25,
   "StudentLastName" : [
      "Miller"
   ]
}
raja
Published on 13-Jun-2019 14:55:20
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