Add new field to every document in a MongoDB collection?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

To add new field to every document in a MongoDB collection, you can use $set operator. The syntax is as follows:

db.yourCollectionName.update({}, { $set: {"yourFieldName": yourValue} }, false, true);

To understand the above syntax, let us create a collection with some documents. The query to create a collection with documents is as follows:

>db.addNewFieldToEveryDocument.insertOne({"StudentName":"John","StudentAddress":"US
"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906ae")
}
>db.addNewFieldToEveryDocument.insertOne({"StudentName":"David","StudentAddress":"U
K"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906af")
}
>db.addNewFieldToEveryDocument.insertOne({"StudentName":"Carol","StudentAddress":"U
K"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906b0")
}
>db.addNewFieldToEveryDocument.insertOne({"StudentName":"Bob","StudentAddress":"US"
});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906b1")
}

Display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method. The query is as follows:

> db.addNewFieldToEveryDocument.find().pretty();

The following is the output:

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906ae"),
   "StudentName" : "John",
   "StudentAddress" : "US"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906af"),
   "StudentName" : "David",
   "StudentAddress" : "UK"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906b0"),
   "StudentName" : "Carol",
   "StudentAddress" : "UK"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906b1"),
   "StudentName" : "Bob",
   "StudentAddress" : "US"
}

The following is the query to add a new field to every document:

> db.addNewFieldToEveryDocument.update({}, { $set: {"StudentAge": 24} }, false, true);
WriteResult({ "nMatched" : 4, "nUpserted" : 0, "nModified" : 4 })

Above, we have added a new field “StudentAge”:24 in every document. Let us check the field “StudentAge”:24 is successfully added to every document or not. The query is as follows:

> db.addNewFieldToEveryDocument.find().pretty();

The following is the output:

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906ae"),
   "StudentName" : "John",
   "StudentAddress" : "US",
   "StudentAge" : 24
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906af"),
   "StudentName" : "David",
   "StudentAddress" : "UK",
   "StudentAge" : 24
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906b0"),
   "StudentName" : "Carol",
   "StudentAddress" : "UK",
   "StudentAge" : 24
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c6efc0b6fd07954a48906b1"),
   "StudentName" : "Bob",
   "StudentAddress" : "US",
   "StudentAge" : 24
}
raja
Published on 18-Mar-2019 12:28:25
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