# How to split a big data frame into smaller ones in R?

Dealing with big data frames is not an easy task therefore we might want to split that into some smaller data frames. These smaller data frames can be extracted from the big one based on some criteria such as for levels of a factor variable or with some other conditions. This can be done by using split function.

## Example

Consider the below data frame −

> set.seed(1)
> Grades<-rep(c("A","B","C","D","E"),times=10)
> Age<-sample(1:30,50,replace=TRUE)
> Category<-sample(1:10,50,replace=TRUE)
> df<-data.frame(Grades,Age,Category)
> head(df,20)
Grades Age Category
1    A    25    6
2    B     4    9
3    C     7    8
4    D     1    9
5    E     2    7
6    A    29    8
7    B    23    6
8    C    11   10
9    D    14    7
10   E    18    3
11   A    27   10
12   B    19    6
13   C     1    8
14   D    21    2
15   E    21    2
16   A    10    6
17   B    22    6
18   C    14    1
19   D    10    3
20   E     7    3

Splitting the data frame on the basis of grades −

> Split_based_on_Grades<-split(df,f=df$Grades) > Split_based_on_Grades$A
Grades Age Category
1     A    25    6
6     A    29    8
11    A    27   10
16    A    10    6
21    A     9    8
26    A    25    7
31    A    10    9
36    A     1    1
41    A    10    7
46    A    20   10
$B Grades Age Category 2 B 4 9 7 B 23 6 12 B 19 6 17 B 22 6 22 B 15 6 27 B 14 1 32 B 30 7 37 B 20 5 42 B 6 7 47 B 26 10$C
Grades Age Category
3     C      7   8
8     C     11  10
13    C      1   8
18    C     14   1
23    C     21   7
28    C      5   4
33    C     25   4
38    C      3   6
43    C     15   3
48    C     12   7
$D Grades Age Category 4 D 1 9 9 D 14 7 14 D 21 2 19 D 10 3 24 D 5 6 29 D 5 8 34 D 12 7 39 D 6 1 44 D 20 6 49 D 25 3$E
Grades Age Category
5     E      2   7
10    E     18   3
15    E     21   2
20    E      7   3
25    E      9   8
30    E      2   9
35    E     15   6
40    E     10   9
45    E     28   2
50    E     23   2 

Now we can access each grade as shown below −

> Split_based_on_Grades[[1]]
Grades Age Category
1     A    25   6
6     A    29   8
11    A    27  10
16    A    10   6
21    A     9   8
26    A    25   7
31    A    10   9
36    A     1   1
41    A    10   7
46    A    20  10
> Split_based_on_Grades[[4]]
Grades Age Category
4     D     1    9
9     D    14    7
14    D    21    2
19    D    10    3
24    D     5    6
29    D     5    8
34    D    12    7
39    D     6    1
44    D    20    6
49    D    25    3

Updated on: 10-Aug-2020

1K+ Views

##### Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Advertisements