How to select top rows of an R data frame based on groups of factor column?

R ProgrammingServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

We use head function to take a look at some top values in an R data frame but it shows the top values for the whole data frame without considering the groups of factor column. Therefore, if we have a large number of values in a particular group then head function does not seem to be helpful alone, we must use something to extract the top values for each of the groups. This can be done through using by function with single square brackets and head function.

Examples

data(iris)
str(iris)
'data.frame': 150 obs. of 5 variables:
$ Sepal.Length: num 5.1 4.9 4.7 4.6 5 5.4 4.6 5 4.4 4.9 ...
$ Sepal.Width : num 3.5 3 3.2 3.1 3.6 3.9 3.4 3.4 2.9 3.1 ...
$ Petal.Length: num 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 ...
$ Petal.Width : num 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 ...
$ Species : Factor w/ 3 levels "setosa","versicolor",..: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ...
Top5_Based_on_Species<-by(iris,iris["Species"],head,n=5)
Top5_Based_on_Species
Species: setosa

Output

Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width Species
1 5.1 3.5 1.4 0.2 setosa
2 4.9 3.0 1.4 0.2 setosa
3 4.7 3.2 1.3 0.2 setosa
4 4.6 3.1 1.5 0.2 setosa
5 5.0 3.6 1.4 0.2 setosa
------------------------------------------------------------
Species: versicolor
Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width Species
51 7.0 3.2 4.7 1.4 versicolor
52 6.4 3.2 4.5 1.5 versicolor
53 6.9 3.1 4.9 1.5 versicolor
54 5.5 2.3 4.0 1.3 versicolor
55 6.5 2.8 4.6 1.5 versicolor
------------------------------------------------------------
Species: virginica
Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width Species
101 6.3 3.3 6.0 2.5 virginica
102 5.8 2.7 5.1 1.9 virginica
103 7.1 3.0 5.9 2.1 virginica
104 6.3 2.9 5.6 1.8 virginica
105 6.5 3.0 5.8 2.2 virginica

Example

data(ToothGrowth)
str(ToothGrowth)
'data.frame': 60 obs. of 3 variables:
$ len : num 4.2 11.5 7.3 5.8 6.4 10 11.2 11.2 5.2 7 ...
$ supp: Factor w/ 2 levels "OJ","VC": 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 ...
$ dose: num 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 ...
Top10_Based_on_Supp<-by(ToothGrowth,ToothGrowth["supp"],head,n=10)
Top10_Based_on_Supp
supp: OJ

Output

len supp dose
31 15.2 OJ 0.5
32 21.5 OJ 0.5
33 17.6 OJ 0.5
34 9.7 OJ 0.5
35 14.5 OJ 0.5
36 10.0 OJ 0.5
37 8.2 OJ 0.5
38 9.4 OJ 0.5
39 16.5 OJ 0.5
40 9.7 OJ 0.5
------------------------------------------------------------
supp: VC
len supp dose
1 4.2 VC 0.5
2 11.5 VC 0.5
3 7.3 VC 0.5
4 5.8 VC 0.5
5 6.4 VC 0.5
6 10.0 VC 0.5
7 11.2 VC 0.5
8 11.2 VC 0.5
9 5.2 VC 0.5
10 7.0 VC 0.5

Example

data(CO2)
str(CO2)
Classes ‘nfnGroupedData’, ‘nfGroupedData’, ‘groupedData’ and 'data.frame': 84 obs. of 5 variables:
$ Plant : Ord.factor w/ 12 levels "Qn1"<"Qn2"<"Qn3"<..: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 ...
$ Type : Factor w/ 2 levels "Quebec","Mississippi": 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ...
$ Treatment: Factor w/ 2 levels "nonchilled","chilled": 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ...
$ conc : num 95 175 250 350 500 675 1000 95 175 250 ...
$ uptake : num 16 30.4 34.8 37.2 35.3 39.2 39.7 13.6 27.3 37.1 ...
- attr(*, "formula")=Class 'formula' language uptake ~ conc | Plant
.. ..- attr(*, ".Environment")=<environment: R_EmptyEnv>
- attr(*, "outer")=Class 'formula' language ~Treatment * Type
.. ..- attr(*, ".Environment")=<environment: R_EmptyEnv>
- attr(*, "labels")=List of 2
..$ x: chr "Ambient carbon dioxide concentration"
..$ y: chr "CO2 uptake rate"
- attr(*, "units")=List of 2
..$ x: chr "(uL/L)"
..$ y: chr "(umol/m^2 s)"
Top5_Based_on_Treatment<-by(CO2,CO2["Treatment"],head,n=5)
Top5_Based_on_Treatment

Output

Treatment: nonchilled
Plant Type Treatment conc uptake
1 Qn1 Quebec nonchilled 95 16.0
2 Qn1 Quebec nonchilled 175 30.4
3 Qn1 Quebec nonchilled 250 34.8
4 Qn1 Quebec nonchilled 350 37.2
5 Qn1 Quebec nonchilled 500 35.3
------------------------------------------------------------
Treatment: chilled
Plant Type Treatment conc uptake
22 Qc1 Quebec chilled 95 14.2
23 Qc1 Quebec chilled 175 24.1
24 Qc1 Quebec chilled 250 30.3
25 Qc1 Quebec chilled 350 34.6
26 Qc1 Quebec chilled 500 32.5
raja
Published on 21-Aug-2020 12:33:01
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