How to schedule tasks in Java to run for repeated fixed-rate execution, beginning after the specified delay

Java 8Object Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

One of the methods of the Timer class is void scheduleAtFixedRate(TimerTask task, long delay, long period). This method schedules the specified task for repeated fixed-rate execution, beginning after the specified delay.

In fixed-rate execution, each execution is scheduled with respect to the scheduled run time of the initial execution. Fixed-rate execution is apt for repetitive activities that are respond to absolute time. Likewise,fixed-rate execution is appropriate for scheduling multiple repeating timer tasks that must remain in sync.

Declaration − The java.util.Time.scheduleAtFixedRate(TimerTask task, long delay, long period) method is declared as follows −

public void scheduleAtFixedRate(TimerTask task, long delay, long period)

Here, task is the task to be scheduled, delay is the delay in milliseconds after which the task is executed and period is the time in milliseconds between successive task executions.

There are few exceptions thrown by the scheduleAtFixedRate(Timertask task, long delay, long period) method. They are as follows −

IllegalArgumentExceptionThis exception is thrown if delay is negative, or delay + System.currentTimeMillis() is negative or period is <=0
IllegalStateExceptionThis exception is thrown if task was scheduled or cancelled beforehand, timer was cancelled, or timer thread terminated.
NullPointerExceptionThis exception is thrown if the task is null.

Let us see an example showing how to schedule tasks in Java to run for repeated fixed-rate execution, beginning after the specified delay −

Example

 Live Demo

import java.util.*;
class MyTask extends TimerTask {
   public void run() {
      System.out.println("Task is running");
   }
}
public class Example {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Timer timer = new Timer(); // creating timer
      TimerTask task = new MyTask(); // creating timer task
      timer.scheduleAtFixedRate(task,300,2000);
      // scheduling the task after the delay at fixed-rate
   }
}

Output

Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
raja
Published on 09-Jan-2019 08:23:05
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