Schedule a task for repeated fixed delay execution in Java

Java 8Object Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

In fixed-delay execution, each execution is scheduled with respect to the original execution time of the preceding execution. If an execution is delayed for a particular reason (case in point, garbage collection), the subsequent executions will be delayed as well.

There are two ways in which a task can be scheduled for repeated fixed-delay execution. They are as follows −

  • Scheduling a task for repeated fixed-delay execution at a specified time

  • Scheduling a task for repeated fixed-delay execution after a specified delay

Scheduling a task for repeated fixed-delay execution at a specified time

The void schedule(TimerTask task, Date firstTime, long period) method schedules tasks for repeated fixed-delay execution, beginning at the specified time.

Declaration −The java.util.Timer.schedule(TimerTask task, Date firstTime, long period) is declared as follows −

public void schedule(TimerTask task, Date firstTime, long period)

Here, the task is the task to be scheduled, the first time is the first time at which the task is executed and the period is the time in milliseconds between successive task executions.

There are few exceptions thrown by the schedule(Timertask task, Date firstTime, long period) method. They are as follows −

IllegalArgumentExceptionThis exception is thrown if firstTime.getTime is negative or period is <=0
IllegalStateExceptionThis exception is thrown if the task was scheduled or cancelled beforehand, the timer was cancelled, or timer thread terminated.
NullPointerExceptionThis exception is thrown if the task is null.

Let us see an example showing how to schedule tasks in Java to run for repeated fixed-delay execution, beginning at the specified time −

Example

 Live Demo

import java.util.*;
class MyTask extends TimerTask {
   public void run() {
      System.out.println("Task is running");
   }
}
public class Example {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Timer timer = new Timer(); // creating timer
      TimerTask task = new MyTask(); // creating timer task
      timer.scheduleAtFixedRate(task,new Date(),2000);
      // scheduling the task at the specified time at fixed-delay
   }
}

Output

Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
Task is running

Scheduling a task for repeated fixed-delay execution after a specified delay

The void schedule(TimerTask task, long delay, long period) method schedules tasks for repeated fixed-delay execution, beginning after the specified delay.

Declaration −The java.util.Timer.schedule(TimerTask task, long delay, long period) is declared as follows −

public void schedule(TimerTask task, long delay, long period)

Here, the task is the task to be scheduled, the delay is the delay in milliseconds after which the task is executed and the period is the time in milliseconds between successive task executions.

Here, the task is the task to be scheduled, the first time is the first time at which the task is executed and the period is the time in milliseconds between successive task executions.

There are few exceptions thrown by the schedule(Timertask task, long delay, long period) method. They are as follows −

IllegalArgumentExceptionThis exception is thrown if firstTime.getTime is negative or period is <=0
IllegalStateExceptionThis exception is thrown if the task was scheduled or cancelled beforehand, the timer was cancelled, or timer thread terminated.
NullPointerExceptionThis exception is thrown if the task is null.

Let us see a program illustrating the use of the void schedule(TimerTask task, long delay, long period) method −

Example

 Live Demo

import java.util.*;
class MyTask extends TimerTask {
   public void run() {
      System.out.println("Task is running");
   }
}
public class Example {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Timer timer = new Timer(); // creating timer
      TimerTask task = new MyTask(); // creating timer task
      // scheduling the task for repeated fixed-delay execution, beginning after the specified delay
      timer.schedule(task, 800, 1000);
   }
}

Output

Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
Task is running
raja
Published on 08-Jan-2019 06:57:27
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