How to insert a document into a MongoDB collection using Java?

JavaObject Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

You can insert a document into an existing collection in MongoDB using the insert() method.

Syntax

db.coll.insert(doc)

Where,

  • db is the database.

  • coll is the collection (name) in which you want to insert the document

  • doc is the document you want to insert.

Example

> use myDatabase()
switched to db myDatabase()
> db.createCollection(sample)
{ "ok" : 1 }
> db.sample.insert({name:"Ram", age:26, city:"Hyderabad"})
WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })

Using Java program

In Java, you can insert a document into a collection using the insertOne() method of the com.mongodb.client.MongoCollection interface. This method accepts a document (object) representing the document you want to insert as a parameter.

Therefore to create a collection in MongoDB using Java program −

  • Make sure you have installed MongoDB in your system

  • Add the following dependency to its pom.xml file of your Java project.

Example

<dependency>
   <groupId>org.mongodb</groupId>
   <artifactId>mongo-java-driver</artifactId>
   <version>3.12.2</version>
</dependency>
  • Create a MongoDB client by instantiating the MongoClient class.

  • Connect to a database using the getDatabase() method.

  • Prepare the document to be inserted.

  • Get the object of the collection into which you want to insert the document, using the getCollection() method.

  • Invoke the insertOne() method by passing the document (created above) as a parameter.

Example

import com.mongodb.client.MongoDatabase;
import org.bson.Document;
import com.mongodb.MongoClient;
public class InsertingDocument {
   public static void main( String args[] ) {
      //Creating a MongoDB client
      MongoClient mongo = new MongoClient( "localhost" , 27017 );
      //Connecting to the database
      MongoDatabase database = mongo.getDatabase("myDatabase");
      //Creating a collection
      database.createCollection("students");
      //Preparing a document
      Document document = new Document();
      document.append("name", "Ram");
      document.append("age", 26);
      document.append("city", "Hyderabad");
      //Inserting the document into the collection
      database.getCollection("students").insertOne(document);
      System.out.println("Document inserted successfully");
   }
}

Output

Document inserted successfully
raja
Published on 10-Apr-2020 08:14:01
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