How to find the Surface area and Volume of Cuboid in Golang?



In this tutorial, we will see the Golang program to find the Surface Area and Volume of a Cuboid. The area is the total space covered by any closed figure. The volume is the capacity to hold something inside the vessel.


Formula

l - length of a Cuboid

h - the height of a Cuboid

w - width of a Cuboid.

Surface Area of Cuboid - 2*l*w + 2*w*h + 2*l*h

For example, the length of a Cuboid is 10 cm, the height is 5 cm and, the width is 8 cm so the Surface Area of a Cuboid is −

l = 10 cm

h = 5 cm

w = 4 cm

Area = 2*l*w + 2*w*h + 2*l*h

= 2*10*4 + 2*4*5 + 2*5*10

= 80 + 40 + 100

= 220 cm^2

Volume of Cuboid - l * b * h

For example, the length of a Cuboid is 10 cm, the height is 5 cm and, the width is 8 cm so the volume of a Cuboid is -

l = 10 cm

h = 5 cm

w = 4 cm

Volume = l * b * h

= 10 * 5 * 4

= 200

Algorithm

Step 1 - Declaring the variables for the length , width, height, volume, and the area of the float64 data type.

Step 2 - Initialize the variable.

Step 3 - Find the surface Area and volume using the above formulas within the function.

Step 4 - Printing the result.

Example

In this example, we are going to find the surface Area And volume of a Cuboid within the function.

package main

// fmt package provides the function to print anything
import (
   "fmt"
)
func main() {
   
   // declaring the floating variables using the var keyword for
   
   // storing the length of the parallel sides of the Cuboid,
   
   // distance between the parallel sides and also a variable area
   
   // to store Area
   var l, w, h, surfaceArea, volume float64
   fmt.Println("Program to find the Surface Area and volume of a Cuboid.")
   
   // initializing the length of a Cuboid
   l = 10
   
   // initializing the width of a Cuboid
   w = 8
   
   // initializing the height of a Cuboid
   h = 4
   
   // finding the surface Area of a Cuboid
   surfaceArea = 2*l*w + 2*w*h + 2*l*h
   
   // finding the volume of a Cuboid
   volume = l * w * h
   
   // printing the result
   fmt.Println("The Surface Area of a Cuboid whose length , width, and height are", l, ",", w, ",", h, "is", surfaceArea, "cm * cm.")
   fmt.Println("The volume of a Cuboid whose length , width, and height are", l, ",", w, ",", h, "is", volume, "cm * cm * cm.")
   fmt.Println("(Finding the Surface Area and volume of a Cuboid within the function)")
}

Output

Program to find the Surface Area and volume of a Cuboid.
The Surface Area of a Cuboid whose length , width, and height are 10 , 8 , 4 is 304 cm * cm.
The volume of a Cuboid whose length , width, and height are 10 , 8 , 4 is 320 cm * cm * cm.
(Finding the Surface Area and volume of a Cuboid within the function)

Algorithm

Step 1 - Declaring the variables for the length , width, height, volume, and the area of the float64 data type.

Step 2 - Initialize the variable.

Step 3 - Calling the function with the length, width and height of the Cuboid and the as a parameter, and storing the Area the function is returning.

Step 4 - Calling the function with the length, width and height of the Cuboid and the as a parameter, and storing the volume the function is returning.

Step 5 - Printing the result.

Example

In this example, we are going to find the Area of a Cuboid by defining the separate function to find the Area.

package main

// fmt package provides the function to print anything
import ( 
   "fmt"
)

// in this line we have declared the function that has float64

// type parameter and float64 type returntype
func areaOfCuboid(l, w, h float64) float64 {
   
   // returning the area by applying the formula
   return 2*l*w + 2*w*h + 2*l*h
}

// in this line we have declared the function that has float64

// type parameter and float64 type returntype
func volumeOfCuboid(l, w, h float64) float64 {
   
   // returning the volume by applying the formula
   return l * w * h
}
func main() {
   
   // declaring the floating variables using the var keyword for
   
   // storing the length of the parallel sides of the Cuboid,
   
   // distance between the parallel sides and also a variable area
   
   // to store Area
   var l, w, h, surfaceArea, volume float64
   fmt.Println("Program to find the Surface Area and volume of a Cuboid.")
   
   // initializing the length of a Cuboid
   l = 10
   
   // initializing the width of a Cuboid
   w = 8
   
   // initializing the height of a Cuboid
   h = 4
   
   // finding the surface Area of a Cuboid by calling the function
   surfaceArea = areaOfCuboid(l, w, h)
   
   // finding the volume of a Cuboid
   volume = volumeOfCuboid(l, w, h)
   
   // printing the result 
   fmt.Println("The Surface Area of a Cuboid whose length , width, and height are", l, ",", w, ",", h, "is", surfaceArea, "cm * cm.")
   fmt.Println("The volume of a Cuboid whose length , width, and height are", l, ",", w, ",", h, "is", volume, "cm * cm * cm.")
   fmt.Println("(Finding the Surface Area and volume of a Cuboid in the seperate function)")
} 

Output

Program to find the Surface Area and volume of a Cuboid.
The Surface Area of a Cuboid whose length , width, and height are 10 , 8 , 4 is 304 cm * cm.
The volume of a Cuboid whose length , width, and height are 10 , 8 , 4 is 320 cm * cm * cm.
(Finding the Surface Area and volume of a Cuboid in the seperate function)

Conclusion

These are the two ways to find the Area and volume of a Cuboid in Golang. The second way is much better in terms of modularity and code reusability as we can call that function anywhere in the project. To learn more about go you can explore these tutorials.


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