How to find the number of unique values in comma separated strings stored in an R data frame column?

R ProgrammingServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

If we have comma separated values that contains duplicate and unique values then we might want to find the number of unique values within each comma separated value. To find the unique values in comma separated strings stored in an R data frame column, we can use stri_extract_all_regex function of stringi package along with sapply function.

Check out the below examples to understand how it can be done.

Example 1

Following snippet creates a sample data frame −

x<-sample(c("3,2,3,4,5,4,3","5,5,6,7,8,6,8","3,2","5,9,8,0"),20,replace=TRUE)
df1<-data.frame(x)
df1

The following dataframe is created −

         x
1  5,5,6,7,8,6,8
2        5,9,8,0
3        5,9,8,0
4            3,2
5  5,5,6,7,8,6,8
6  3,2,3,4,5,4,3
7  3,2,3,4,5,4,3
8            3,2
9            3,2
10 5,5,6,7,8,6,8
11           3,2
12 5,5,6,7,8,6,8
13 5,5,6,7,8,6,8
14           3,2
15 5,5,6,7,8,6,8
16       5,9,8,0
17 5,5,6,7,8,6,8
18           3,2
19           3,2
20       5,9,8,0

To load stringi package and find the number of unique values in each value of x, add the following code to the above snippet −

library(stringi)
df1$Unique_in_x<-sapply(stri_extract_all_regex(df1$x,"[0-9]+"),function(x) length(unique(x)))
df1

Output

If you execute all the above given snippets as a single program, it generates the following output −

             x   Unique_in_x
1  5,5,6,7,8,6,8  4
2        5,9,8,0  4
3        5,9,8,0  4
4            3,2  2
5  5,5,6,7,8,6,8  4
6  3,2,3,4,5,4,3  4
7  3,2,3,4,5,4,3  4
8            3,2  2
9            3,2  2
10  5,5,6,7,8,6,8 4
11            3,2 2
12  5,5,6,7,8,6,8 4
13  5,5,6,7,8,6,8 4
14            3,2 2
15  5,5,6,7,8,6,8 4
16        5,9,8,0 4
17  5,5,6,7,8,6,8 4
18            3,2 2
19            3,2 2
20        5,9,8,0 4

Example 2

Following snippet creates a sample data frame −

y<-sample(c("A,G,R,T,D","Y,I,H,H,F,E,L","T,W,E,E,E,D,S,R"),20,replace=TRUE)
df2<-data.frame(y)
df2

The following dataframe is created −

             y
1     Y,I,H,H,F,E,L
2         A,G,R,T,D
3     Y,I,H,H,F,E,L
4     Y,I,H,H,F,E,L
5         A,G,R,T,D
6     Y,I,H,H,F,E,L
7     Y,I,H,H,F,E,L
8         A,G,R,T,D
9         A,G,R,T,D
10        A,G,R,T,D
11    Y,I,H,H,F,E,L
12    Y,I,H,H,F,E,L
13  T,W,E,E,E,D,S,R
14    Y,I,H,H,F,E,L
15        A,G,R,T,D
16  T,W,E,E,E,D,S,R
17  T,W,E,E,E,D,S,R
18        A,G,R,T,D
19        A,G,R,T,D
20    Y,I,H,H,F,E,L

To find the number of unique values in each value of y, add the following code to the above snippet −

df2$Unique_in_y<-sapply(stri_extract_all_regex(df2$y,"[A-Z]+"),function(x) length(unique(x)))
df2

Output

If you execute all the above given snippets as a single program, it generates the following output −

               y   Unique_in_y
1    Y,I,H,H,F,E,L  6
2        A,G,R,T,D  5
3    Y,I,H,H,F,E,L  6
4    Y,I,H,H,F,E,L  6
5        A,G,R,T,D  5
6    Y,I,H,H,F,E,L  6
7    Y,I,H,H,F,E,L  6
8        A,G,R,T,D  5
9        A,G,R,T,D  5
10       A,G,R,T,D  5
11   Y,I,H,H,F,E,L  6
12   Y,I,H,H,F,E,L  6
13 T,W,E,E,E,D,S,R  6
14   Y,I,H,H,F,E,L  6
15       A,G,R,T,D  5
16 T,W,E,E,E,D,S,R  6
17 T,W,E,E,E,D,S,R  6
18       A,G,R,T,D  5
19       A,G,R,T,D  5
20   Y,I,H,H,F,E,L  6
raja
Updated on 22-Nov-2021 07:41:06

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