# How to find the maximum value for each row of all matrices stored in an R list?

R ProgrammingServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

To find the maximum value for each row of all matrices stored in an R list, we can follow the below steps −

• First of all, create a list of matrices.
• Then, use max function along with lapply function and apply function to find the maximum for each row of all matrices.

## Create the list of matrices

Using matrix function to create multiple matrices and stored them in a list using list function −

Live Demo

M1<-matrix(rnorm(20),ncol=2)
M2<-matrix(rnorm(20),ncol=2)
M3<-matrix(rnorm(20),ncol=2)
M4<-matrix(rnorm(20),ncol=2)
M5<-matrix(rnorm(20),ncol=2)
List<-list(M1,M2,M3,M4,M5)
List

On executing, the above script generates the below output(this output will vary on your system due to randomization) −

[]
[,1]        [,2]
[1,]  0.01714936  1.3763921
[2,] -1.55809582 -0.7712093
[3,] -0.35186736  0.8351507
[4,] -0.48988731 -1.2714754
[5,] -0.97241718 0.8105862
[6,] -0.03231086 -0.1901989
[7,]  0.34748364 1.5562359
[8,]  1.10587259 -0.6592835
[9,]   0.38934787 1.0586670
[10,] -0.24586360 -2.2442172
[]
[,1]     [,2]
[1,] -0.6150390 -0.2355494
[2,] -0.1527035  0.8530879
[3,] -0.5910591 -0.0579156
[4,] -0.4871413 -0.9829705
[5,] 2.1435879   0.7445451
[6,] -0.8603206 -0.4894914
[7,] -0.6303660 -0.4026965
[8,] -1.0862919 0.3214481
[9,] 0.5157734 0.6113277
[10,] 1.4241205 -0.4793407
[]
[,1]    [,2]
[1,] -1.1166732 0.6219046
[2,] 1.2956490 -0.7224109
[3,] 0.4492815 1.0038605
[4,] 1.8768257 -1.4001428
[5,] 0.6893493 -0.3747519
[6,] 0.3261293 1.7425561
[7,] 1.0496563 0.4613786
[8,] -1.1868764 -0.7465893
[9,] 0.2235005 0.9713996
[10,] 0.6216177 -0.5418687
[]
[,1]       [,2]
[1,] 0.2266899 -2.05779477
[2,] -1.0528427 2.06139961
[3,] -0.5606942 -0.48373582
[4,] 0.2228694 -1.19236303
[5,] 0.7759945 -0.37885960
[6,] 0.4570521 0.13911064
[7,] 0.4439456 -0.08302548
[8,] -0.6691629 1.82642429
[9,] -0.4612115 0.74955822
[10,] 0.1766236 -1.75742835
[]
[,1]       [,2]
[1,] 0.01010036 -1.54334237
[2,] 2.05466828 -0.11349936
[3,] -0.42566069 0.14698151
[4,] -0.92737532 1.62506335
[5,] -1.09411380 -0.63808937
[6,] 1.55792587 1.48997553
[7,] 1.56339394 -1.16440367
[8,] 0.18405916 -1.17883290
[9,] 0.52923750 0.01279766
[10,] 0.57009101 0.07179523

## Find the maximum for each row of all matrices

Using max function along with lapply function and apply function to find the maximum for each row of all matrices stored in List −

Live Demo

M1<-matrix(rnorm(20),ncol=2)
M2<-matrix(rnorm(20),ncol=2)
M3<-matrix(rnorm(20),ncol=2)
M4<-matrix(rnorm(20),ncol=2)
M5<-matrix(rnorm(20),ncol=2)
List<-list(M1,M2,M3,M4,M5)
lapply(List,FUN=function(x)apply(x,MARGIN=1,FUN=max))

### Output

[]
 1.37639206 -0.77120931 0.83515070 -0.48988731 0.81058622 -0.03231086
 1.55623594 1.10587259 1.05866703 -0.24586360

[]
 -0.2355494 0.8530879 -0.0579156 -0.4871413 2.1435879 -0.4894914
 -0.4026965 0.3214481 0.6113277 1.4241205

[]
 0.6219046 1.2956490 1.0038605 1.8768257 0.6893493 1.7425561
 1.0496563 -0.7465893 0.9713996 0.6216177

[]
 0.2266899 2.0613996 -0.4837358 0.2228694 0.7759945 0.4570521
 0.4439456 1.8264243 0.7495582 0.1766236

[]
 0.01010036 2.05466828 0.14698151 1.62506335 -0.63808937 1.55792587
 1.56339394 0.18405916 0.52923750 0.57009101