How to find the first index value in slice of bytes in Golang?

In Golang, slice of bytes is a very common data structure that is used to store and manipulate data. It is a variable-length array of bytes that can be resized, making it a flexible and powerful data structure.

Sometimes, we need to find the first index value of a specific byte in a slice of bytes. In this article, we will see how to find the first index value in a slice of bytes in Golang.

Step 1: Create a Slice of Bytes

Let's create a slice of bytes to work with. We can create a slice of bytes using the make() function, which takes two arguments - the type of slice and the length of the slice.

Example

Here's an example −

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
slice := make([]byte, 10)
fmt.Println(slice)
}


Output

[0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0]


Step 2: Set Byte Values in Slice

Next, we will set some byte values in the slice so that we can search for the first index value of a specific byte.

Example

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
slice := make([]byte, 10)

for i := range slice {
slice[i] = byte(i)
}

fmt.Println(slice)
}


Output

[0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9]


Step 3: Find the First Index Value

To find the first index value of a specific byte, we can use the IndexByte() function from the bytes package. The IndexByte() function takes two arguments - the slice of bytes and the byte value to search for. It returns the index value of the first occurrence of the byte value in the slice of bytes.

Example

package main

import (
"bytes"
"fmt"
)

func main() {
slice := make([]byte, 10)

for i := range slice {
slice[i] = byte(i)
}

index := bytes.IndexByte(slice, 5)
fmt.Println(index)
}


Output

5


In this example, we searched for the first index value of byte 5 in the slice of bytes, which is at index 5.

Conclusion

Finding the first index value of a byte in a slice of bytes is easy in Golang using the IndexByte() function from the bytes package. With this function, we can quickly find the first occurrence of a specific byte in a slice of bytes, which is a useful operation in many applications.

Updated on: 05-May-2023

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