# How to Find the Capacity of Channel, Pointer and Slice in Golang?

In Golang, the capacity of a data structure represents the maximum number of elements that it can hold without allocating more memory. The capacity of channels, pointers, and slices can be determined using built-in functions and operators. In this article, we will explore how to find the capacity of channels, pointers, and slices in Golang.

## Finding The Capacity of a Channel

A channel in Golang is a mechanism for communicating between goroutines. We can find the capacity of a channel using the built-in cap function. The cap function returns the capacity of the channel, which is the maximum number of elements that the channel can hold without blocking.

### Example

Here is an example of finding the capacity of a channel −

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
ch := make(chan int, 5)
fmt.Println("Capacity of the channel is:", cap(ch))
}


### Output

Capacity of the channel is: 5


## Finding The Capacity of a Pointer

In Golang, a pointer is a variable that stores the memory address of another variable. We can find the capacity of a pointer using the unsafe.Sizeof function, which returns the size of the variable in bytes. The size of a pointer in Golang is platform-dependent, so it may differ on different architectures.

### Example

Here is an example of finding the capacity of a pointer −

package main

import (
"fmt"
"unsafe"
)

func main() {
var p *int
fmt.Println("Capacity of the pointer is:", unsafe.Sizeof(p))
}


### Output

Capacity of the pointer is: 8


## Finding The Capacity of a Slice

A slice in Golang is a dynamic array that can grow or shrink as needed. We can find the capacity of a slice using the built-in cap function. The cap function returns the capacity of the slice, which is the maximum number of elements that the slice can hold without allocating more memory.

### Example

Here is an example of finding the capacity of a slice −

package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
s := make([]int, 5, 10)
fmt.Println("Capacity of the slice is:", cap(s))
}


### Output

Capacity of the slice is: 10


## Conclusion

In this article, we explored how to find the capacity of channels, pointers, and slices in Golang. The cap function can be used to find the capacity of channels and slices, while the unsafe.Sizeof function can be used to find the capacity of pointers. Knowing the capacity of these data structures can help us optimize our code and prevent memory-related issues.

Updated on: 05-May-2023

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