How to extract the column from a list of data frames in R?

R ProgrammingServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

In Data Analysis, we often required to extract a single value, a single row, or a single column for a specific analysis. For example, if data frame contains column defined as height and weight then we might want to use only height then it can be extracted, this could be a part of a list as well, therefore, extraction from list will be required. If we have a list of data frames then extraction of a column from one of the data frames in the list can be done by using double square brackets for accessing the data frame and the column number as shown in the below examples.

Example1

Consider the below data frame −

Live Demo

> x1<-rnorm(10)
> x2<-rnorm(10)
> df1<-data.frame(x1,x2)
> df1

Output

     x1       x2
1  0.2378371  0.51433808
2  0.0638975 -1.66077353
3  0.3987209  0.68480587
4 -1.1321073  0.29528261
5 -0.5603269  1.14556819
6  2.2072545 -1.20718355
7  0.8196423  0.38380242
8 -2.2394064  0.06741712
9 -0.7356725 -1.46968026
10 -1.4642820 -1.39423679

Example

Live Demo

> y1<-rnorm(10)
> y2<-rnorm(10)
> df2<-data.frame(y1,y2)
> df2

Output

      y1      y2
1  2.2307515  0.375538934
2 -1.3539616 -0.169574915
3 -0.1332480 -0.788416414
4  1.3181498  1.887995737
5 -1.4384012  1.261034365
6  0.3725585 -0.493219141
7 -0.7806511 -1.177616450
8 -0.4772392  0.250962895
9 -0.8932982 -0.004567268
10 0.2224190 -0.203232106

Example

> List1<-list(df1,df2)
> List1

Output

[[1]]
      x1       x2
1  0.2378371  0.51433808
2  0.0638975 -1.66077353
3  0.3987209  0.68480587
4 -1.1321073  0.29528261
5 -0.5603269  1.14556819
6  2.2072545 -1.20718355
7  0.8196423  0.38380242
8 -2.2394064  0.06741712
9 -0.7356725 -1.46968026
10 -1.4642820 -1.39423679

[[2]]
        y1       y2
1  2.2307515  0.375538934
2 -1.3539616 -0.169574915
3 -0.1332480 -0.788416414
4  1.3181498  1.887995737
5 -1.4384012  1.261034365
6  0.3725585 -0.493219141
7 -0.7806511 -1.177616450
8 -0.4772392  0.250962895
9 -0.8932982 -0.004567268
10 0.2224190 -0.203232106

Extracting column 2 from data frame 2 in List1 −

Example

Live Demo

> List1[[2]][[2]]

Output

[1]  0.375538934 -0.169574915 -0.788416414 1.887995737 1.261034365
[6] -0.493219141 -1.177616450 0.250962895 -0.004567268 -0.203232106

List2

Example

Live Demo

> a1<-rnorm(10)
> a2<-rnorm(10)
> df3<-data.frame(a1,a2)
> df3

Output

      a1      a2
1  1.5711728  0.2861241
2  0.8062374  0.9469154
3  1.1505496 -0.5894829
4  0.9164866 -0.3137043
5 -1.3424446 -1.2921698
6 -0.1499540 -0.8940665
7 -0.1498557 -1.1361156
8  0.9299988  0.7679135
9 -1.7079005 -0.7099908
10 0.8146867 1.3921303

Example

Live Demo

> b1<-rnorm(10)
> b2<-rnorm(10)
> df4<-data.frame(b1,b2)
> df4

Output

     b1       b2
1 -1.7113866 1.7014637
2 -0.0202485 1.2428109
3 -0.3892979 -1.5831333
4  0.2127277 -0.4943695
5 -0.4846616 1.0283278
6 -1.4116239 -1.4882983
7 -0.1737286 -0.1101114
8  1.4613389 0.1531942
9 -0.1573986 0.3431330
10 -0.2782074 0.5439397

Example

> List2<-list(df3,df4)
> List2

Output

[[1]]
     a1      a2
1 1.5711728 0.2861241
2 0.8062374 0.9469154
3 1.1505496 -0.5894829
4 0.9164866 -0.3137043
5 -1.3424446 -1.2921698
6 -0.1499540 -0.8940665
7 -0.1498557 -1.1361156
8 0.9299988 0.7679135
9 -1.7079005 -0.7099908
10 0.8146867 1.3921303

[[2]]
b1 b2
1 -1.7113866 1.7014637
2 -0.0202485 1.2428109
3 -0.3892979 -1.5831333
4 0.2127277 -0.4943695
5 -0.4846616 1.0283278
6 -1.4116239 -1.4882983
7 -0.1737286 -0.1101114
8 1.4613389 0.1531942
9 -0.1573986 0.3431330
10 -0.2782074 0.5439397

Extracting column 2 from data frame 1 in List2 −

Example

> List2[[1]][[2]]

Output

[1] 0.2861241 0.9469154 -0.5894829 -0.3137043 -1.2921698 -0.8940665
[7] -1.1361156 0.7679135 -0.7099908 1.3921303
raja
Published on 02-Jan-2021 14:45:49
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