How to executes an SQL SELECT statement in a JSP?

SQLJSPJava 8ProgrammingObject Oriented Programming

The <sql:query> tag executes an SQL SELECT statement and saves the result in a scoped variable.

Attribute

The <sql:query> tag has the following attributes −

AttributeDescriptionRequiredDefault
sqlSQL command to execute (should return a ResultSet)NoBody
dataSourceDatabase connection to use (overrides the default)NoDefault database
maxRowsMaximum number of results to store in the variableNoUnlimited
startRowNumber of the row in the result at which to start recordingNo0
varName of the variable to represent the databaseNoSet default
scopeScope of variable to expose the result from the databaseNoPage

Example

To start with the basic concept, let us create an Employees table in the TEST database and create few records in that table as follows −

Follow these steps to create the Employees table −

Step 1

Open a Command Prompt and change to the installation directory as follows −

C:\>
C:\>cd Program Files\MySQL\bin
C:\Program Files\MySQL\bin>

Step 2

Login to the database as follows

C:\Program Files\MySQL\bin>mysql -u root -p
Enter password: ********
mysql>

Step 3

Create the Employee table in the TEST database as follows − −

mysql> use TEST;
   mysql> create table Employees (
      id int not null,
      age int not null,
      first varchar (255),
      last varchar (255)
   );
   Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.08 sec)
mysql>

Create Data Records

We will now create few records in the Employee table as follows −

mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (100, 18, 'Zara', 'Ali');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)

mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (101, 25, 'Mahnaz', 'Fatma');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (102, 30, 'Zaid', 'Khan');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> INSERT INTO Employees VALUES (103, 28, 'Sumit', 'Mittal');
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql>

Let us now create a JSP which will make use of <sql:query> to execute an SQL SELECT statement as follows −

<%@ page import = "java.io.*,java.util.*,java.sql.*"%>
<%@ page import = "javax.servlet.http.*,javax.servlet.*" %>
<%@ taglib uri = "http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core" prefix = "c"%>
<%@ taglib uri = "http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/sql" prefix = "sql"%>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>JSTL sql:query Tag</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      <sql:setDataSource var = "snapshot" driver = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"
         url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/TEST"
         user = "root" password = "pass123"/>
         <sql:query dataSource = "${snapshot}" var = "result">
         SELECT * from Employees;
      </sql:query>
      <table border = "1" width = "100%">
         <tr>
            <th>Emp ID</th>
            <th>First Name</th>
            <th>Last Name</th>
            <th>Age</th>
         </tr>
         <c:forEach var = "row" items = "${result.rows}">
            <tr>
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.id}"/></td>
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.first}"/></td>
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.last}"/></td>
               <td> <c:out value = "${row.age}"/></td>
            </tr>
         </c:forEach>
      </table>
   </body>
</html>

Access the above JSP, which should display the following result −

+-------------+----------------+-----------------+-----------------+
| Emp ID      | First Name     | Last Name       | Age             |
+-------------+----------------+-----------------+-----------------+
| 100         | Zara           | Ali             | 18              |
| 101         | Mahnaz         | Fatma           | 25              |
| 102         | Zaid           | Khan            | 30              |
| 103         | Sumit          | Mittal          | 28              |
+-------------+----------------+-----------------+-----------------+
raja
Published on 25-Mar-2019 05:54:53
Advertisements