# How to display zero frequency for bars in base R barplot?

When we create a barplot in base R, the bars are plotted for all the values in the vector but if we have a gap in the values then the bar with zero frequency for that gap is not plotted. For example, if we have a vector called x that contains 100 values consisting of 0, 1, 3 then the barplot will not represent zero frequency for 2. To solve this problem, we can use factor function in the barplot function as shown in the below examples.

## Example1

Live Demo

> x<-rpois(200,2)
> x

## Output

  [1] 0 1 1 1 3 1 3 1 0 1 1 5 1 8 3 2 3 3 3 3 2 4 2 0 5 3 1 0 1 1 4 1 4 2 3 1 3
[38] 1 4 2 2 5 1 2 5 2 3 1 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 3 1 1 2 1 2 5 1 1 3 3 1 3 1 3 0 4 1 1
[75] 2 2 5 2 2 1 2 2 3 1 4 2 1 3 2 0 2 1 0 4 1 5 2 3 2 0 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 3 1 3 2
[112] 3 2 4 4 1 1 0 2 6 1 4 0 5 0 1 2 2 2 3 5 2 2 2 1 4 2 2 1 0 0 1 4 4 1 3 5 1
[149] 1 5 1 2 0 1 2 2 1 1 2 1 0 5 2 3 2 3 1 4 1 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 2 0 1 2 3 4 4 4 2
[186] 2 2 1 1 1 1 4 3 2 2 2 1 0 5 2

## Example

> barplot(table(factor(x,levels=0:10)))

## Example2

> y<-sample(c(1,2,5),100,replace=TRUE)
> barplot(table(factor(y,levels=1:5)))

## Output

Updated on: 05-Mar-2021

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