How to compare two images using Java OpenCV library?

To compare two images −

  • Read Both of them using the method.

  • Get the height and width of both of them to make sure they are equal.

  • Get the pixel values and, get the RGB values of both of the images.

  • Get the sum of the differences between the RGB values of these two images.

  • Calculate the percentage of the difference using the following formula −

Average = difference/weight*height*3;
Percentage = (Average/255)*100;


import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
public class ComparingImages {
   public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
      BufferedImage img1 = File("D:\Images\test1.jpg"));
      BufferedImage img2 = File("D:\Images\test2.jpg"));
      int w1 = img1.getWidth();
      int w2 = img2.getWidth();
      int h1 = img1.getHeight();
      int h2 = img2.getHeight();
      if ((w1!=w2)||(h1!=h2)) {
         System.out.println("Both images should have same dimwnsions");
      } else {
         long diff = 0;
         for (int j = 0; j < h1; j++) {
            for (int i = 0; i < w1; i++) {
               //Getting the RGB values of a pixel
               int pixel1 = img1.getRGB(i, j);
               Color color1 = new Color(pixel1, true);
               int r1 = color1.getRed();
               int g1 = color1.getGreen();
               int b1 = color1.getBlue();
               int pixel2 = img2.getRGB(i, j);
               Color color2 = new Color(pixel2, true);
               int r2 = color2.getRed();
               int g2 = color2.getGreen();
               int b2= color2.getBlue();
               //sum of differences of RGB values of the two images
               long data = Math.abs(r1-r2)+Math.abs(g1-g2)+ Math.abs(b1-b2);
               diff = diff+data;
         double avg = diff/(w1*h1*3);
         double percentage = (avg/255)*100;
         System.out.println("Difference: "+percentage);




Difference: 92.54901960784314

Updated on: 09-Apr-2020

4K+ Views

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