How to change the color of bars of a bar plot using ggplot2 in R?

R Programming

The default color of the bars created by using ggplot2 package is grey but we can change that color to any depending on our interest. This change is highly required in professions such as academic writing and analytics because everyone wants to look at attractive images. They are not meant to be useful if you just want to learn the concept but when it comes to practical, you need to do it as attractive images gets more attention, thus, they become memorable. To change the color of the bars in ggplot2, we can use fill argument of geom_bar function.


Consider the below data frame −

 Live Demo

> Class<-c("A","B","C","D")
> Frequency<-c(45,35,39,51)
> df<-data.frame(Class,Frequency)
> df


   Class Frequency
1    A    45
2    B    35
3    C    39
4    D    51

Creating a bar plot without specifying bar colors −

> library(ggplot2)
> ggplot(df,aes(Class,Frequency))+geom_bar(stat='identity')


Changing the color of bars in the bar plot −

> ggplot(df,aes(Class,Frequency))+geom_bar(stat='identity',fill="red")


> ggplot(df,aes(Class,Frequency))+geom_bar(stat='identity',fill="blue")


> ggplot(df,aes(Class,Frequency))+geom_bar(stat='identity',fill="green")


Published on 03-Sep-2020 14:41:58