How to apply a mask on the matrix in Matplotlib imshow?

To apply a mask on the matrix in matplotlib imshow(), we can use method with lower and upper limit.


  • Initialize two variables, l and u, to mask the input matrix.
  • Create random data of 5×5 dimension.
  • Mask the input matrix, lower of l value, and above of u.
  • Create a figure and a set of subplots with nrows=1 and ncols=
  • Display the data as an image, i.e., on a 2D regular raster, at axes 0 and
  • Set the title of the axes, 0 and
  • To display the figure, use show() method.


import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

plt.rcParams["figure.figsize"] = [7.50, 3.50]
plt.rcParams["figure.autolayout"] = True

l = 0.125
u = 0.575

data = np.random.rand(5, 5)
data = < data) & (data < u), data)

fig, axs = plt.subplots(1, 2)

axs[0].set_title("Without Masked")
axs[1].set_title("With Masked")