How good is Python for competitive programming?

In this article, we will learn whether python is good for competitive programming or Not.

Many programmers question if their knowledge of Python programming is sufficient to excel at competitive coding. The answer is obviously 'YES'.

Product-based organizations are looking for great developers who can match their expanding requirements more than ever. Candidates are generally required to answer a hypothetical programming challenge as part of the interview/testing process. They are given a set of inputs from which they must determine the output. The nature of these programming tasks varies from logical to mathematical forms and is meant to put programmers' talents to the test on multiple levels. Competitive programming refers to tests in which applicants must come up with efficient solutions while saving time and space complexity. Such coding challenges provide a platform for recruiters to assess candidates' speed and mental ability.

Advantages of Python for competitive coding

Python's programming language includes several data structures that are useful in competitive programming. The numerous libraries and frameworks add to their advantages. Other reasons it's a good choice for competitive coding include −

Easy and Speed

Competitive coding aims to find the best solution in the shortest amount of time. Python is the finest programming language since it reduces the time spent developing code when compared to other traditional languages such as Java, C, and C++. Moreover, the time saved by not coding might be used to study the logic needed to solve the problem. Python is simple to learn and use even for beginner programmers. As a result, if you are short on time, there are no difficulties in getting started and learning Python fundamentals from the beginning.

Wide Range of data structures

Python programming uses a variety of data structures such as tuples, dictionaries, and others. They are extremely beneficial to developers, particularly when dealing with complex problems in competitive programming.

No Need for a data type declaration

There is no need to define variables or their data types before using them when working with Python. These increases range flexibility till it is within the hardware's needed limits. This implies they manage type conversions internally, so there's no need to worry about integers and long integers. You can build codes much faster and more accurately, meeting one of the many demands of competitive programming.

Massive libraries

Python's libraries, which include functions such as sort, max, min, count, and others, are one of its distinguishing features.

  • max() function − returns the highest-valued item/greatest numbers in an iterable)

  • min() function − returns the lowest-valued item in an iterable.

  • sum() function − Returns the sum of all items in an iterable.

  • sorted() function − returns a sorted list of the iterable object given.

These are some of the most common built-in functions that are extremely useful to coders since they allow them to avoid creating code for routine processes. To solve a problem, the functions employ the best algorithm. The sorted function, for example, employs the import algorithm, which enables stable sorting even at the worst-case performance of O(nlogn). This is the best sorting algorithm since it provides the best-case runtime of constant or O(1).

Python coding has the unique feature of removing or deleting certain parts. In an adjoining fashion, the memory regions remain intact. Insertions can be performed at any desired point, even though the feature displays the linked list idea as null.

Unique list operations

  • When dealing with an unknown list size, the last entry can often be retrieved by using the index position -1. Similarly, if you want to get to the second last item, use the index position -1. This allows the entire list to be backtracked without knowing the size of the list

  • It also functions as a dynamic allocation array because no list size is required.

  • Another advantage of utilizing Python programming for competitive coding is that, unlike other programming languages, it may return multiple values

  • Python lists may carry a heterogeneous collection of data items, so you don't have to create a new list for each type of data element.

Is Python Suitable for Competitive Programming?

Python's programming language includes several data structures that are useful in competitive

This is the most important question to answer before beginning to learn Python for competitive programming. As previously said, it has numerous advantages and disadvantages. However, the most important factor is how you use it when solving problems. Because Python is slower than other compiled languages, several websites include a time multiplier for Python programmers to boost the acceptability of their solutions. Other websites that focus on the fundamental competitive spirit (such as CodeForces) do not use this strategy. Many solutions built in Python with the same logic as those written in compiled languages are unacceptable owing to time constraints.

Python is neither directly encouraged nor limited to competitive programming. Python has significant advantages in development, and except for a few core competitive websites, Python is adopted with the same enthusiasm as any other language. It is, however, advised that you study a compiled language such as C, C++, or Java in addition to Python to avoid the risk of a solution not being accepted owing to time constraints.

Python Learning Guide for Competitive Programming

  • Learn the fundamentals of Python syntax.

  • Understand Python's built-in features, which are faster alternatives for the same use case.

  • Learn about the time complexities of all the Python features. In many circumstances, incorrect usage of these functions wastes a lot of time and memory

  • Gain key algorithms and mathematical formulas for completing a task.

  • Practice "Pythonic Coding." A more concise and complete approach to writing Python code

  • Explore alternative libraries and modules to do a given purpose. Some libraries' solutions may be faster than the built-ins'.


The reasons stated above highlight why Python is one of the greatest languages for competitive development. Whether you are a newbie or an experienced professional, it provides an excellent opportunity to demonstrate your coding abilities via tests and competitions.