How does selenium webdriver upload files to the browser?

SeleniumAutomation TestingTesting Tools

We can upload files to the browser with the help of Selenium webdriver. This is done with the help of sendKeys() method on the element which does the selection of the file by specifying the path of the file to be uploaded.

While working on file upload functionality, we need to click on the Browse button. This is taken care of by webdriver for elements with attribute type having value as file. Also, the path of the file to be uploaded should be correct.

Example

Code Implementation.

import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
public class FileUpld{
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "C:\\Users\\ghs6kor\\Desktop\\Java\\chromedriver.exe");
      WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
      String url ="https://www.tutorialspoint.com/selenium/selenium_automation_practice.htm";
      driver.get(url);
      driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
      // identify element
      WebElement l=driver.findElement(By.xpath("//input[@name='photo']"));
      // file selection field with file path
      l.sendKeys("C:\\Users\\ghs6kor\\Pictures\\Tulips.jpg");
      driver.quit();
   }
}

Output

raja
Published on 28-Aug-2020 16:03:12
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