How can matplotlib be used to create a sine function in Python?

Matplotlib is a popular Python package that is used for data visualization. Visualizing data is a key step since it helps understand what is going on in the data without actually looking at the numbers and performing complicated computations. It helps in communicating the quantitative insights to the audience effectively.

Matplotlib is used to create 2 dimensional plots with the data. It comes with an object−oriented API that helps in embedding the plots in Python applications. Matplotlib can be used with IPython shells, Jupyter notebook, Spyder IDE and so on.

It is written in Python. It is created using Numpy, which is the Numerical Python package in Python.

Python can be installed on Windows using the below command −

pip install matplotlib

The dependencies of Matplotlib are −

Python ( greater than or equal to version 3.4)
Free type

Let us understand how Matplotlib can be used to plot a sine function in a plot −


import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
data = np.arange(0.0, 4.0, 0.1)
y = 2 + np.sin(2 * np.pi * data)
fig, ax = plt.subplots()
ax.plot(data, y)
ax.set(xlabel='x-axis data', ylabel='y-axis data',title='A simple plot')



  • The required packages are imported and its alias is defined for ease of use.

  • The data is created using NumPy package.

  • An empty figure is created using the ‘figure’ function.

  • The ‘subplot’ function is used to create outlines for three different plots.

  • The data is plotted using the ‘plot’ function.

  • The set function is used to provide labels for ‘X’ and ‘Y’ axis.

  • The title of the plot is defined.

  • It is shown on the console using the ‘show’ function.