How can Bokeh be used to visualize different shapes of data points in Python?

Bokeh is a Python package that helps in data visualization. It is an open source project. Bokeh renders its plot using HTML and JavaScript. This indicates that it is useful while working with web-based dashboards. It helps in communicating the quantitative insights to the audience effectively.

Bokeh converts the data source into a JSON file. This file is used as an input to BokehJS, which is a JavaScript library. This BokehJS is written in TypeScript that helps render visualization on modern browsers.

Matplotlib and Seaborn produce static plots, whereas Bokeh produces interactive plots. This means when the user interacts with these plots, they change accordingly.

Plots can be embedded as output of Flask or Django enabled web applications. Jupyter notebook can also be used to render these plots.

Dependencies of Bokeh −


Installation of Bokeh on Windows command prompt

pip3 install bokeh

Installation of Bokeh on Anaconda prompt

conda install bokeh

The ‘figure’ function contains multiple functions, and using this, vectorised glyphs of different shapes (circle, square, rectangle) can be drawn.


from bokeh.plotting import figure, output_file, show
plot = figure(plot_width = 300, plot_height = 300) = [1, 4, 6], y = [3,7,8], size = 20, fill_color = 'red')
plot.circle_cross(x = [2,4,5], y = [3,8,11], size = 20, fill_color = 'black',fill_alpha = 0.2, line_width = 2)
plot.circle_x(x = [5,3,2], y = [2,1,7], size = 20, fill_color = 'green',fill_alpha = 0.6, line_width = 2)



  • The required packages are imported, and aliased.

  • The figure function is called along with plot width and height.

  • The ‘output_file’ function is called to mention the name of the html file that will be generated.

  • The ‘circle’, ‘circle_cross’, and ‘circle_x’ functions present in Bokeh are called, along with data.

  • The ‘show’ function is used to display the plot.