How abstraction is achieved using interfaces in Java?


Abstraction is a process of hiding the implementation details from the user, only the functionality will be provided to the user. In other words, the user will have the information on what the object does instead of how it does it.

Since all the methods of the interface are abstract and the user doesn’t know how a method is written except the method signature/prototype. Using interfaces, you can achieve (complete) abstraction.

Abstraction in interfaces

An interface in Java is a specification of method prototypes. Whenever you need to guide the programmer or, make a contract specifying how the methods and fields of a type should be you can define an interface.

To create an object of this type you need to implement this interface, provide a body for all the abstract methods of the interface and obtain the object of the implementing class.

The user who want to use the methods of the interface, he only knows the classes that implement this interface and their methods, information about the implementation is completely hidden from the user, thus achieving 100% abstraction.

Example

 Live Demo

interface Person{
   void dsplay();
}
class Student implements Person{
   public void dsplay() {
      System.out.println("This is display method of the Student class");
   }
}
class Lecturer implements Person{
   public void dsplay() {
      System.out.println("This is display method of the Lecturer class");
   }
}
public class AbstractionExample{
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      Person person1 = new Student();
      person1.dsplay();
      Person person2 = new Lecturer();
      person2.dsplay();
   }
}

Output

This is display method of the Student class
This is display method of the Lecturer class
raja
Published on 10-Sep-2019 13:58:50
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