HCatalog - View


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This chapter describes how to create and manage a view in HCatalog. Database views are created using the CREATE VIEW statement. Views can be created from a single table, multiple tables, or another view.

To create a view, a user must have appropriate system privileges according to the specific implementation.

Create View Statement

CREATE VIEW creates a view with the given name. An error is thrown if a table or view with the same name already exists. You can use IF NOT EXISTS to skip the error.

If no column names are supplied, the names of the view's columns will be derived automatically from the defining SELECT expression.

Note − If the SELECT contains un-aliased scalar expressions such as x+y, the resulting view column names will be generated in the form _C0, _C1, etc.

When renaming columns, column comments can also be supplied. Comments are not automatically inherited from the underlying columns.

A CREATE VIEW statement will fail if the view's defining SELECT expression is invalid.

Syntax

CREATE VIEW [IF NOT EXISTS] [db_name.]view_name [(column_name [COMMENT column_comment], ...) ]
[COMMENT view_comment]
[TBLPROPERTIES (property_name = property_value, ...)]
AS SELECT ...;

Example

The following is the employee table data. Now let us see how to create a view named Emp_Deg_View containing the fields id, name, Designation, and salary of an employee having a salary greater than 35,000.

+------+-------------+--------+-------------------+-------+
|  ID  |    Name     | Salary |    Designation    | Dept  |
+------+-------------+--------+-------------------+-------+
| 1201 |    Gopal    | 45000  | Technical manager |  TP   |
| 1202 |   Manisha   | 45000  | Proofreader       |  PR   |
| 1203 | Masthanvali | 30000  | Technical writer  |  TP   |
| 1204 |    Kiran    | 40000  | Hr Admin          |  HR   |
| 1205 |   Kranthi   | 30000  | Op Admin          | Admin |
+------+-------------+--------+-------------------+-------+

The following is the command to create a view based on the above given data.

./hcat –e "CREATE VIEW Emp_Deg_View (salary COMMENT ' salary more than 35,000')
   AS SELECT id, name, salary, designation FROM employee WHERE salary ≥ 35000;"

Output

OK
Time taken: 5.3 seconds

Drop View Statement

DROP VIEW removes metadata for the specified view. When dropping a view referenced by other views, no warning is given (the dependent views are left dangling as invalid and must be dropped or recreated by the user).

Syntax

DROP VIEW [IF EXISTS] view_name;

Example

The following command is used to drop a view named Emp_Deg_View.

DROP VIEW Emp_Deg_View;


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