Hashtable in Java

Java 8Object Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

Hashtable stores key/value pairs in a hash table. When using a Hashtable, you specify an object that is used as a key, and the value that you want linked to that key. The key is then hashed, and the resulting hash code is used as the index at which the value is stored within the table.

Hashtable defines the following methods −

Sr.NoMethod & Description
1void clear( )
Resets and empties the hash table.
2Object clone( )
Returns a duplicate of the invoking object.
3boolean contains(Object value)
Returns true if some value equal to the value exists within the hash table. Returns false if the value isn't found.
4boolean containsKey(Object key)
Returns true if some key equal to the key exists within the hash table. Returns false if the key isn't found.
5boolean containsValue(Object value)
Returns true if some value equal to the value exists within the hash table. Returns false if the value isn't found.
6Enumeration elements( )
Returns an enumeration of the values contained in the hash table.
7Object get(Object key)
Returns the object that contains the value associated with the key. If the key is not in the hash table, a null object is returned.
8boolean isEmpty( )
Returns true if the hash table is empty; returns false if it contains at least one key.
9Enumeration keys( )
Returns an enumeration of the keys contained in the hash table.
10Object put(Object key, Object value)
Inserts a key and a value into the hash table. Returns null if the key isn't already in the hash table; returns the previous value associated with the key if the key is already in the hash table.

Example

Let us see an example to implement Hashtable −

import java.util.*;
public class Demo {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      Hashtable balance = new Hashtable();
      Enumeration names;
      String str;
      double bal;
      balance.put("Jacob", new Double(3434.34));
      balance.put("Ryan", new Double(123.22));
      balance.put("Nathan", new Double(1378.00));
      balance.put("Ken", new Double(99.22));
      balance.put("Kevin", new Double(-19.08));
      // Show all balances in hash table.
      names = balance.keys();
      while(names.hasMoreElements()) {
         str = (String) names.nextElement();
         System.out.println(str + ": " + balance.get(str));
      }
      System.out.println();
      // Deposit 1,000 into Nathan's account
      bal = ((Double)balance.get("Nathan")).doubleValue();
      balance.put("Nathan", new Double(bal + 1000));
      System.out.println("Nathan's new balance: " + balance.get("Nathan"));
   }
}

Output

Ken: 99.22
Nathan: 1378.0
Jacob: 3434.34
Ryan: 123.22
Kevin: -19.08

Nathan's new balance: 2378.0
raja
Published on 25-Sep-2019 07:36:08
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