Guava - Throwables Class


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Throwables class provides utility methods related to Throwable interface.

Class Declaration

Following is the declaration for com.google.common.base.Throwables class:

public final class Throwables
   extends Object

Class Methods

Sr.No Method & Description
1 static List<Throwable> getCausalChain(Throwable throwable)

Gets a Throwable cause chain as a list.

2 static Throwable getRootCause(Throwable throwable)

Returns the innermost cause of throwable.

3 static String getStackTraceAsString(Throwable throwable)

Returns a string containing the result of toString(), followed by the full, recursive stack trace of throwable.

4 static RuntimeException propagate(Throwable throwable)

Propagates throwable as-is if it is an instance of RuntimeException or Error, or else as a last resort, wraps it in a RuntimeException then propagates.

5 static <X extends Throwable> void propagateIfInstanceOf(Throwable throwable, Class<X> declaredType)

Propagates throwable exactly as-is, if and only if it is an instance of declaredType.

6 static void propagateIfPossible(Throwable throwable)

Propagates throwable exactly as-is, if and only if it is an instance of RuntimeException or Error.

7 static <X extends Throwable> void propagateIfPossible(Throwable throwable, Class<X> declaredType)

Propagates throwable exactly as-is, if and only if it is an instance of RuntimeException, Error, or declaredType.

8 static <X1 extends Throwable,X2 extends Throwable>void propagateIfPossible(Throwable throwable, Class<X1> declaredType1, Class<X2> declaredType2)

Propagates throwable exactly as-is, if and only if it is an instance of RuntimeException, Error, declaredType1, or declaredType2.

Methods Inherited

This class inherits methods from the following class:

  • java.lang.Object

Example of Throwables class

Create the following java program using any editor of your choice in say C:/> Guava.

GuavaTester.java
import java.io.IOException;

import com.google.common.base.Objects;
import com.google.common.base.Throwables;

public class GuavaTester {
   public static void main(String args[]){
   
      GuavaTester tester = new GuavaTester();
      
      try {
         tester.showcaseThrowables();
         
      } catch (InvalidInputException e) {
      //get the root cause
      System.out.println(Throwables.getRootCause(e));
      
      }catch (Exception e) {
      //get the stack trace in string format
      System.out.println(Throwables.getStackTraceAsString(e));				
      }

      try {
         tester.showcaseThrowables1();			
         
      }catch (Exception e) {
         System.out.println(Throwables.getStackTraceAsString(e));				
      }
   }

   public void showcaseThrowables() throws InvalidInputException{
      try {
         sqrt(-3.0);			
      } catch (Throwable e) {
         //check the type of exception and throw it
         Throwables.propagateIfInstanceOf(e, InvalidInputException.class);		
         Throwables.propagate(e);
      }	
   }

   public void showcaseThrowables1(){
      try {			
         int[] data = {1,2,3}; 
         getValue(data, 4);			
      } catch (Throwable e) {        
         Throwables.propagateIfInstanceOf(e, IndexOutOfBoundsException.class);		
         Throwables.propagate(e);
      }	
   }

   public double sqrt(double input) throws InvalidInputException{
      if(input < 0) throw new InvalidInputException();
      return Math.sqrt(input);
   }

   public double getValue(int[] list, int index) throws IndexOutOfBoundsException {
      return list[index];
   }

   public void dummyIO() throws IOException {
      throw new IOException();
   }
}

class InvalidInputException extends Exception {
}

Verify the Result

Compile the class using javac compiler as follows:

C:\Guava>javac GuavaTester.java

Now run the GuavaTester to see the result.

C:\Guava>java GuavaTester

See the result.

InvalidInputException
java.lang.ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException: 4
   at GuavaTester.getValue(GuavaTester.java:52)
   at GuavaTester.showcaseThrowables1(GuavaTester.java:38)
   at GuavaTester.main(GuavaTester.java:19)


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