Global and Local Inversions in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have some permutation A of [0, 1, ..., N - 1], where N is the length of A. Now the number of (global) inversions is the number of i < j with 0 <= i < j < N and A[i] > A[j]. And the number of local inversions is the number of i with 0 <= i < N and A[i] > A[i+1]. We have to return true if and only if the number of global inversions is equal to the number of local inversions. So if the input is like [1,0,2], then return true, as there is only one local inversion and one global inversion.

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

  • maxVal := -1, n := size of A
  • for i in range 0 to n – 3
    • maxVal := max of A[i] and maxVal
    • if maxVal > A[i + 2], then return false
  • return true

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
class Solution {
   public:
   bool isIdealPermutation(vector<int>& A) {
      int maxVal = -1;
      int n = A.size();
      for(int i = 0; i < n - 2; i++){
         maxVal = max(A[i], maxVal);
         if(maxVal > A[i + 2])
         return false;
      }
      return true;
   }
};
main(){
   vector<int> v = {1,0,2};
   Solution ob;
   cout << (ob.isIdealPermutation(v));
}

Input

[1,0,2]

Output

1
raja
Published on 04-May-2020 14:07:25
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