What is the difference between global and local Variables in JavaScript?

The scope of a variable is the region of your program in which it is defined. JavaScript variables have only two scopes.

Global Variables − A global variable has a global scope which means it can be defined anywhere in your JavaScript code.

Local Variables − A local variable will be visible only within a function where it is defined. Function parameters are always local to that function.

Within the body of a function, a local variable takes precedence over a global variable with the same name. If you declare a local variable or function parameter with the same name as a global variable, you effectively hide the global variable.


Here’s how you can declare a global variable

Live Demo

   <body onload = checkscope();>
            var myVar = "global"; // Declare a global variable
            function checkscope( ) {
               var myVar = "local";  // Declare a local variable

Swarali Sree
Swarali Sree

I love thought experiments.

Updated on: 15-Jun-2020

4K+ Views

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