__future__ Module in Python

As a programmer, have you ever felt like you've been emitted to destiny, wherein you may explore the exciting functions of a new version of your preferred programming language? Well, if you're a Python enthusiast, you're in good fortune! The future module in Python is here to present you with a flavor of the destiny, or at the least a preview of the upcoming capabilities. In this article, we'll embark on a journey together, exploring the fine details of the destiny module in Python, and how it allows us to stay in advance of the sport while still maintaining compatibility with older versions.

What is the Future Module?

Before we dive into the complexity of the future module, permit's communicate approximately what it is. The future module is an included Python module that lets programmers apply new language skills which might be intended to be incorporated into upcoming Python versions. By uploading this module, you may write code that is extra forward-like-minded, allowing you to seamlessly transition to more modern-day variations of Python with no compatibility problems.

Python's Philosophy and the Importance of the Future Module

Python's philosophy, as said within the Zen of Python, emphasizes the importance of code readability and simplicity. As the language evolves, new functions and syntax improvements are delivered to make the programmer's existence less complicated. However, this evolution can now and again cause compatibility troubles between different Python versions.

This is wherein the future module shines. It facilitates bridging the distance among exceptional Python versions by permitting you to apply new language capabilities before they're formally included within the general distribution. In this manner, you can write more modern-day and maintainable code, while nevertheless being well-suited to the older versions of Python.

Getting Started with the Future Module

Now that we have blanketed the basics, let's examine the future module in movement! To use it, all you want to do is import the unique function you need to apply from the future module. Here's an example of methods you may import and use the 'department' feature from the future module −

  • Step 1  Import the 'division' feature from the future module.

  • Step 2  Perform a division operation (5 divided by 2) and store the result in the 'result' variable.

  • Step 3  Print the value of the 'result' variable, which will be 2.5.

from __future__ import division

result = 5 / 2



Some Notable Features of the future Module

Now that we know how to use the future module, let’s go through some of its most brilliant functions −

  • print_function   In Python 2, 'print' is an assertion, whereas, in Python three, 'print' is a characteristic that calls for parentheses. By importing the print_function characteristic, you may ensure your code is well-matched with each Python 2 and three.


from __future__ import print_function
print("Hello, future!")


Hello, future!
  • absolute_import  By default, Python 2 seems for packages and modules in the cutting-edge listing before looking at the standard library. This can result in sudden behavior. The absolute_import feature enforces using absolute imports, making your code greater sturdy and predictable.


from __future__ import absolute_import
import my_module
  • unicode_literals  Python 2 makes use of ASCII strings via default, while Python 3 makes use of Unicode strings. The unicode_literals feature makes Python 2 deal with string literals such as Unicode, making your code greater steady throughout different Python variations.

Step 1  Import the 'unicode_literals' characteristic from the future module.

Step 2 − Create a string variable 'text' containing the value "Hello, World!".

Step 3  Print the type of the 'text' variable. With the 'unicode_literals' import, it will be <type 'unicode'> in Python 2.

from __future__ import unicode_literals
text = "Hello, World!"
  • generators  Python 2.2 introduced generator functions, but the syntax was different from what we know today. The generators feature allows you to use the modern generator function syntax in Python 2.2 and later.

Step 1  Import the ‘generator’ characteristic from the future module.

Step 2 − Define a generator function known as 'my_generator' that iterates over a number of numbers from zero to 4 (5 numbers in total).

Step 3 − Use the 'yield' keyword inside the generator function to go back to every quantity within the range one after the other.

Step 4  Iterate over the values generated by way of the 'my_generator' function, the usage of a for loop, and print every value.


from __future__ import generators

def my_generator():
   for i in range(5):
      yield i

for value in my_generator():



Best Practices for Using the Future Module

Now that we've got discussed some of the crucial functions of the future module, it;s time to circulate over some fine practices to make certain you make the maximum out of it −

  • Use the future imports at the beginning of your document  To make sure consistency at some stage in your code, it's high-quality to import the preferred features from the future module at the very beginning of your file.

  • Be selective with your imports  Only import the features you propose to apply. Importing needless functions can make your code more difficult to read and apprehend.

  • Test your code with a couple of Python versions  It's crucial to test your code in specific Python environments to ensure it really works successfully and keeps compatibility.

  • Keep an eye fixed on Python's release notes  Python's launch notes will inform you about new capabilities to be brought in the future. Staying updated with those adjustments will assist you write extra future evidence code.


In this article, we delved into the fascinating global of the future module in Python. By incorporating this module into your code, you will be capable of enjoying the benefits of upcoming Python functions even as retaining compatibility with older variations. Moreover, you may be better organized for the transition to more recent Python variations as they end up being had. So, embrace the destiny and allow the destiny module to assist you to write greater present-day, maintainable, and forward-well-matched Python code. Happy coding!

Updated on: 09-May-2023


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