Functional Programming with Java - Collections


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With Java 8 onwards, streams are introduced in Java and methods are added to collections to get a stream. Once a stream object is retrieved from a collection, we can apply various functional programming aspects like filtering, mapping, reducing etc. on collections. See the example below −

import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

public class FunctionTester {    
   public static void main(String[] args) {               
      List<Integer> numbers = Arrays.asList(3, 2, 2, 3, 7, 3, 5);

      //Mapping
      //get list of unique squares
      List<Integer> squaresList = numbers.stream().map( i -> i*i)
         .distinct().collect(Collectors.toList());
      System.out.println(squaresList);

      //Filering 
      //get list of non-empty strings
      List<String>strings = Arrays.asList("abc", "", "bc", "efg", "abcd","", "jkl");
      List<String> nonEmptyStrings = strings.stream()
         .filter(string -> !string.isEmpty()).collect(Collectors.toList());
      System.out.println(nonEmptyStrings);

      //Reducing
      int sum = numbers.stream().reduce((num1, num2) -> num1 + num2).orElse(-1);
      System.out.println(sum);
   } 
}

Output

[9, 4, 49, 25]
[abc, bc, efg, abcd, jkl]
25
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