Find the second last node of a linked list in single traversal in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Now we will see how to get the second last element in the linked list. Suppose there are few elements like [10, 52, 41, 32, 69, 58, 41], second last element is 58.

To solve this problem, we will use two pointers one will point to current node, and another will point to previous node of the current position, then we will move until the next of current is null, then simply return the previous node.

Example

 Live Demo

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
class Node {
   public:
      int data;
      Node *next;
};
void prepend(Node** start, int new_data) {
   Node* new_node = new Node;
   new_node->data = new_data;
   new_node->next = NULL;
   if ((*start) != NULL){
      new_node->next = (*start);
      *start = new_node;
   }
   (*start) = new_node;
}
int secondLastElement(Node *start) {
   Node *curr = start, *prev = NULL;
   while(curr->next != NULL){
      prev = curr;
      curr = curr->next;
   }
   return prev->data;
}
int main() {
   Node* start = NULL;
   prepend(&start, 15);
   prepend(&start, 20);
   prepend(&start, 10);
   prepend(&start, 9);
   prepend(&start, 7);
   prepend(&start, 17);
   cout << "Second last element is: " << secondLastElement(start);
}

Output

Second last element is: 20
raja
Published on 19-Dec-2019 13:01:20
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