# Find four missing numbers in an array containing elements from 1 to N in Python

Suppose we have an array of distinct numbers where each number lies in the range [1, N], the array size is (N-4) and no single element is repeated. So, we can understand four numbers, from 1 to N, are missing in the array. We have to find these 4 missing numbers in sorted manner.

So, if the input is like A =[2, 8, 4, 13, 6, 11, 9, 5, 10], then the output will be [1, 3, 7, 12]

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• temp_arr := an array of size 4 with all 0s

• for i in range 0 to size of A, do

• temp := |A[i]|

• if temp <= size of A , then

• A[temp - 1] := A[temp - 1] *(-1)

• otherwise when temp > size of A , then

• if temp mod size of A is non-zero, then

• temp_arr[temp mod size of A - 1] := -1

• otherwise,

• temp_arr[(temp mod size of A) +size of A - 1] := -1

• for i in range 0 to size of A, do

• if A[i] > 0, then

• display i + 1

• for i in range 0 to size of temp_arr, do

• if temp_arr[i] >= 0, then

• display size of A + i + 1

## Example

Let us see the following implementation to get better understanding −

Live Demo

def find_missing_nums(A) :
temp_arr = *4
for i in range(0,len(A)) :
temp = abs(A[i])
if (temp <= len(A)) :
A[temp - 1] = A[temp - 1] * (-1)
elif (temp > len(A)) :
if (temp % len(A)) :
temp_arr[temp % len(A) - 1] = -1
else :
temp_arr[(temp % len(A)) +len(A) - 1] = -1
for i in range(0, len(A) ) :
if (A[i] > 0) :
print((i + 1) , end=" ")
for i in range(0, len(temp_arr)) :
if (temp_arr[i] >= 0) :
print((len(A) + i + 1) , end=" ")
A = [2, 8, 4, 13, 6, 11, 9, 5, 10]
find_missing_nums(A)

## Input

[2, 8, 4, 13, 6, 11, 9, 5, 10]

## Output

1 3 7 12