For the purpose of image analysis we use the Opencv (Open Source Computer Vision Library) python library. The library name that has to be imported after installing opencv is cv2.
In the below example we find the contours present in an image files. Contours help us identify the shapes present in an image. Contours are defined as the line joining all the points along the boundary of an image that are having the same intensity. The findContours function in OPenCV helps us identify the contours. Similarly the drawContours function help us draw the contours. Below is the syntax of both of them.
cv.FindContours(image, mode=CV_RETR_LIST, method=CV_CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE) Where image is the name of the image Mode is Contour retrieval mode Method is Contour approximation method cv.DrawContours(img, contours, contourIdx, colour, thickness) Where image is the name of the image contours – All the input contours. contourIdx – Parameter indicating a contour to draw. If it is negative, all the contours are drawn. color – Color of the contours thickness is how thick are the lines drawing the contour
In the below example we use the image below as our input image. Then run the below program to get the contours around it.
We can find three shapes in the above diagram. We can draw contours around all or some of them using the below program.
import cv2 # Load an image image = cv2.imread(“path to image file”) # Changing the colour-space LUV = cv2.cvtColor(image, cv2.COLOR_BGR2LUV) # Find edges edges = cv2.Canny(LUV, 10, 100) # Find Contours contours, hierarchy = cv2.findContours(edges,cv2.RETR_EXTERNAL, cv2.CHAIN_APPROX_NONE) # Find Number of contours print("Number of Contours is: " + str(len(contours))) # Draw yellow border around two contours cv2.drawContours(image, contours, 0, (0, 230, 255), 6) cv2.drawContours(image, contours, 2, (0, 230, 255), 6) # Show the image with contours cv2.imshow('Contours', image) cv2.waitKey(0)
Running the above code gives us the following result −
Number of Contours found = 3
And we get the below diagram showing the output.