Euclidean Algorithm for calculating GCD in JavaScript

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentFront End TechnologyObject Oriented Programming

In mathematics, Euclid's algorithm, is a method for computing the greatest common divisor (GCD) of two numbers, the largest number that divides both of them without leaving a remainder.

The Euclidean algorithm is based on the principle that the greatest common divisor of two numbers does not change if the larger number is replaced by its difference with the smaller number.

For example, 21 is the GCD of 252 and 105 (as 252 = 21 × 12 and 105 = 21 × 5), and the same number 21 is also the GCD of 105 and 252 − 105 = 147.

Since this replacement reduces the larger of the two numbers, repeating this process gives successively smaller pairs of numbers until the two numbers become equal. When that occurs, they are the GCD of the original two numbers.

By reversing the steps, the GCD can be expressed as a sum of the two original numbers each multiplied by a positive or negative integer, e.g., 21 = 5 × 105 + (−2) × 252.

We are required to write a JavaScript function that takes in two numbers and makes use of Euclid's algorithm to compute their GCD (greatest common divisor)


Following is the code −

const num1 = 252;
const num2 = 105;
const findGCD = (num1, num2) => {
   let a = Math.abs(num1);
   let b = Math.abs(num2);
   while (a && b && a !== b) {
      if(a > b){
         [a, b] = [a - b, b];
         [a, b] = [a, b - a];
   return a || b;
console.log(findGCD(num1, num2));


Following is the output on console −

Published on 11-Dec-2020 13:16:01