ES6 - switch…case Statement


Advertisements

The switch statement evaluates an expression, matches the expression’s value to a case clause and executes the statements associated with that case.

Following is the syntax.

switch(variable_expression) {
   case constant_expr1: {
      //statements;
      break;
   }
   case constant_expr2: {
      //statements;
      break;
   }
   default: {
      //statements;
      break;
   }
}

The value of the variable_expression is tested against all cases in the switch. If the variable matches one of the cases, the corresponding code block is executed. If no case expression matches the value of the variable_expression, the code within the default block is associated.

The following rules apply to a switch statement −

  • There can be any number of case statements within a switch.
  • The case statements can include only constants. It cannot be a variable or an expression.
  • The data type of the variable_expression and the constant expression must match.
  • Unless you put a break after each block of code, the execution flows into the next block.
  • The case expression must be unique.
  • The default block is optional.

Flowchart

Decision Making

Example: switch…case

var grade="A";
switch(grade) {
   case "A": {
      console.log("Excellent");
      break;
   }
   case "B": {
      console.log("Good");
      break;
   }
   case "C": {
      console.log("Fair");
      break;
   }
   case "D": {
      console.log("Poor");
      break;
   }
   default: {
      console.log("Invalid choice");
      break;
   }
}

The following output is displayed on successful execution on the above code.

Excellent

The example verifies the value of the variable grade against the set of constants (A, B, C, D, and E) and executes the corresponding blocks. If the value in the variable doesn’t match any of the constants mentioned above, the default block will be executed.

Useful Video Courses


Video

Android Penetration Testing Online Training

32 Lectures 3.5 hours

Sharad Kumar

Video

Essential Life Skills Online Training

40 Lectures 5 hours

Richa Maheshwari

Video

ExpressJS Online Training

16 Lectures 1 hours

Anadi Sharma

Video

Microprocessor 8085

50 Lectures 6.5 hours

Gowthami Swarna

Video

Class 11th - Biomolecules

14 Lectures 1 hours

Deepti Trivedi

Video

Programming Methodologies Training

31 Lectures 1.5 hours

Shweta

Advertisements